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Monday, March 13, 2023


10th edition of the 11th year of SmartDrivingCars eLetter



[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_20">  SpaceX Continues Rapid Development of Starship Infrastructure - Starbase Weekly Update #53

LabPadre, March 12, “This week at Starbase Raptor installation begins on Booster 9, construction continues on Ships 28 and 30, Ship 26 is parked at the ring yard and the nosecone test article is set to Massey's test site, while at Cape Canaveral SpaceX maintains a blinding pace of launch and recovery operations, ULA's first Vulcan rocket begins testing, and we review a new batch of flyover photos courtesy of Greg Scott….”  Read  more  Hmmmm…..  Watch video.  Excellent weekly update. Alain


[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_19">Starbase Live: 24/7 Starship & Super Heavy Development From SpaceX's Boca Chica Facility

MasaSpaceflight, Live, “Starship is SpaceX's fully reusable launch system which is being developed at Starbase in Cameron County, Texas. Starbase LIVE provides 24/7 coverage of the exciting developments and testing progress….”  Read  more  Hmmmm…..  Watch LiveStream 24/7.  Alain


[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_18"> SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 308 / PodCast 308 On the road at Starbase @ Boca Chica, Texas

  F. Fishkin,  March 11, “In this special edition of Smart Driving Cars, Princeton's Alain Kornhauser takes us to Boca Chica, Texas and pays a visit to Starbase, the SpaceX Spaceport.”



ITU 2023 Future Networked Car Symposium
13-16 March 2023
Virtual Event

Session 2: Using Automotive Artificial Intelligence to Improve Vehicle Safety, Services and Transport Management
14 March – 13.00-16.00 CET



[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_21">  Elon Musk hints Starship rocket may explode on first orbital launch, predicting 50% chance of success and 'guaranteeing excitement'

M. Guenot, March 13, “SpaceX is preparing to launch its Starship mega-rocket toward orbit for the first time, kicking off CEO Elon Musk's ambitious scheme to eventually build an independent human settlement on Mars.

Musk has said that SpaceX is ready to launch Starship from its facilities in Boca Chica, Texas — an area the company calls "Starbase" — once it receives a launch license from the Federal Aviation Administration.

As with any first launch, though, a small flaw in the rocket's intricate hardware or software engineering could easily make everything go wrong….”  Read  more  Hmmmm…..  I’m excited! Alain


[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_17">  Silicon Valley Bailout

Patrick Boyle, March 13, “A number of things went wrong at Silicon Valley Bank over the last days, weeks and years, there were huge failures of risk management. The risk manager would have some tough questions to answer, except that it appears that they didn’t have a risk manager on staff for almost nine months of the last year. There were issues tied to the different regulations applied to community banks when compared to national banks in the United States. There were investment decisions that were made that I struggle to understand, and the final stroke was a capital raise attempt that had next no chance of succeeding. You can’t raise capital from investors on the same day that you announce a close to two-billion-dollar hole in your balance sheet and the equity is tanking in value. Anyhow, let’s go over the issues at Silicon Valley Bank, try and understand how banks work, look at the news from last night, and try to imagine how things might work out going forward.” Read  more  Hmmmm…..  Watch video.  It is really good. Alain



[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_16">Bank Collapse Stokes Fear, Tesla China Production, New Factory Hiring

R. Maurer, March 10, “ Silicon Valley Bank collapses, stoking fear in markets Unemployment rises Tesla China production and sales report BYD cuts price, dealer reportedly pushes Tesla misinformation Materials partner reports Tesla lists jobs for new gigafactory Microsoft mentions GPT-4 launch Calendar”  Read  more  Hmmmm…..  Tough week. Alain

0:00 Intro

0:29 Jobs report

0:54 Silicon Valley Bank collapse

5:09 Rate expectations

5:53 Tesla exposure

7:49 China updates

10:53 BYD updates

12:49 Giga Mexico

13:38 GPT-4

14:16 Calendar



[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="12" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_15">As heavy EVs proliferate, their weight may be a drag on safety

R. Arbelaez, March 9, “When we first started testing electric vehicles in 2011, the question referred to fire risk. When damaged, lithium-ion batteries can ignite, and the fires can be extremely hard to put out. As a result, we have special procedures for EV testing, including monitoring the battery’s voltage and temperature and asking our local fire department to be on site.


Fifty-five EV crash tests and zero fires later, I’m still worried about these batteries, but for a more mundane reason than their potential to burst into flames. My biggest concern is how heavy they are and what all that extra vehicle weight means for the safety of people on the road, specifically occupants of lighter vehicles as well as pedestrians and bicyclists…


To put this extra weight in context, when I first heard about the 9,500-pound GMC Hummer EV, I had a practical concern. Would our crash test machine at the VRC be able to manage it? Could we pull a vehicle like this up to our test speed of 40 mph without breaking our machine?...


In the meantime, we need to double down on existing solutions. Manufacturers should equip all new vehicles with high-performing crash avoidance systems that recognize and brake for pedestrians and bicyclists, in addition to other vehicles, and good headlights that allow drivers to react quickly at night. States and local governments should consider lowering speed limits, factoring in the increased danger from weight disparities, and backing them up with increased enforcement….”  Read  more  Hmmmm…..  The Hummer was an embarrassment as an ICE tank.   its roll out as an EV is even more depressing… Can you imagine… reducing speed limits to reign in the Hummer EV.  It is on its way to replacing the Corvair as GM’s worst public policy nightmare 


A. Hawkins writes on  March 6: Soggy batteries stymie Hummer EV sales   The bummer-ness of the Hummer EV continues, this time with a sales freeze after water was discovered seeping into the battery.


And the production process continues to be a drag too, according to The Wall Street Journal: More than 15 months after GM began building the electric GMC Hummer pickup truck, the company has been making roughly a dozen a day, a figure far below initial targets for this point in the rollout, people familiar with the matter said. 

Maybe if you didn’t use a battery the size of a Honda Civic things would be going more smoothly?”   Ouch, but right on! Alain



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MIT Mobility Forum: Spring 2023

Fridays 12:00-13:00 Boston Time Open to the public

Registration: https://mit.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJIoduytqDsiE9ZKHfZ9Mf1hHIzSCx-TxIEq

Hosted by Prof. Jinhua Zhao


Feb 17 Alain Kornhauser "Envisioning Profitable Autonomous Transit Networks " 
Feb 24 Hani Mahmassani “Telemobility, hybrid work and the next normal” 
March 3 Liz Renold and David Mindell “Tectonic shifts in science, technology, and industrial policy: looking ahead” 
March 10 Juan de Dios Ortuzar “Modelling Sustainable Options - the importance of habit and perceptions”
March 17 Robin Chase “The case against transportation policy priority one being electrified personal cars”


[log in to unmask]">  Save the Date: 

6th Annual Princeton SmartDrivingCar Summit:

Monday Evening, May 22 -> Wednesday 5pm, May 24, 2023


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TRB Automated Transportation Symposium

San Francisco, CA, July 9-13


Bridging Transportation Researchers (BTR) Conference

Paper Submission deadline: April 30

August. 9 & 10

On-line Conference


Previous SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast/PodCasts

 https://www.cartsmobility.com/ provided technical support


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 307 / PodCast 307 w Jason Ditman, Chief Engineer GM

F. Fishkin,  March 7, “GM says Ultra Cruise will arrive with the 2024 Cadillac Celestiq and will ultimately enable hands free driving in 95 percent of driving situations.  Ultra Cruise chief engineer Jason Ditman joins Alain and Fred for episode 307 of Smart Driving Cars.  He tackles the tough questions and issues.  Plus Cruise Robotaxi unit cutting costs, NHTSA probing Zoox self certification and Embark winding down.

  0:00 open

0:40 GM Ultra Cruise Chief Engineer Jason Ditman introduction

1:55 How did development go during Covid?

4:32 Announcement that Ultra Cruise will first arrive on 2024 Cadillac Celestiq

8:45 Alain comments on Super Cruise 9:50 How does Ultra Cruise availability figure into route planning

13:40 Why is hands off is important and not feet off 16:45 If using intelligent cruise control…why does it disengage when brakes are tapped?

25:29 System is separate from automated emergency braking…how do they talk to each other

28:43 Response to Missy Cummings headlines that people using automated systems involved in crashes were speeding more often than people driving without automated systems engaged.

33:24 GM Cruise says focused on cutting costs this year according to Reuters

37:25 NHTSA opens probe, reportedly, into self certification of the test procedures at Zoox

41:08 Embark winding down operations, laying off most employees

44:41 Kudos to GM Ultra Cruise team

49:24 Here comes Alain’s spring break


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 306 / PodCast 306

F. Fishkin,  March 3, “Waymo passes a million miles with Waymo Driver and issues a safety report. Tesla addresses investors and the future, Ford creates Latitude AI and more. Join Princeton's Alain Kornhauser and co-host Fred Fishkin for episode 306 of Smart Driving Cars.”

0:00 open

0:44 Waymo Driver performance report

14:15 More layoffs at Waymo

15:00 Tesla Investor Day-what we learned

16:18 Adam Jonas at Morgan Stanley impressed with Tesla Investor Day

23:05 Ford creates Latitude AI after demise of Argo AI

29:40 Guidehouse Insights research report

34:35 Autonomous Vehicle Industry Association seeks modernization of vehicle exemption process

39:05 Diane Gutierrez Scaccetti to chair Transportation Research Board Executive Committee


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 305 / PodCast 305 w/Michael Sena

"F. Fishkin, Feb. 27,  ” With shrinking populations and vacant office space, Michael Sena says the de-industrial revolution has begun. "The Dispatcher" publisher and consultant joins Alain Kornhauser & Fred Fishkin for episode 305 of Smart Driving Cars. Plus...run flat tires, GM's Cruise Origin, Locomation, Tesla and more.

0:00 open

1:00 Is it time we admitted the world will change: the de-industrial revolution has begun

21:00 Impact on transportation, automakers

28:40 Run flat tires..from Michelin and more

35:25 GM’s waits for NHTSA okay for deployment of Cruise Origin autonomous mobility

46:00 Locomation denies reports of its demise

47:08 The Insider report on Tesla… and upcoming master plan. Alain’s comments not what were reported.  


 SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 304 / PodCast 304 w/Missy Cummings, Prof. George Mason Univ

"F. Fishkin, Feb. 16  ”She was among the first female fighter pilots in the Navy, was recently a senior NHTSA safety advisor, and is a professor of engineering and computer science. Missy Cummings is worried that ADAS technology is causing more people to speed. What to do? Dr. Cummings joins Alain and Fred to discuss. Plus the latest from Zoox, Tesla and more.

0:00 open

1:00 Missy Cumming pushing for limits on autonomous tech

9:30 hands free, feet free driving dangers

15:00 Should tech be used to block speeding and reckless driving?

32:00 Issues with intelligent cruise control

40:30 Is the battle for cars that would forbid speeding winnable?

44:00 Are vehicle safety systems not communicating with each other?

50:00 Is the problem with vehicles identifying stationary objects being addressed?

55:20 Zoox begins carrying passengers on public roads in vehicles without steering wheels

57:17 Rob Mauer’s Tesla Daily

58:30 Ken Pyle’s ViodiTV compiles autonomous round up from CES

59:25 Brad Templeton launches Robocars podcast

59:48 Alain will lead off MIT Mobility Forum series Friday


 SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 303 / PodCast 303 w/Kelly Funkhouser, Consumer Reports

"F. Fishkin, Feb. 9,  ” Ford's BlueCruise comes out on top in an evaluation of active driving assistance systems by Consumer Reports. Manager of Vehicle Technology Kelly Funkhouser joins us for a look at what car makers are getting right and getting wrong. Plus.. Tesla, Mobileye, autonomous planes and more.

0:00 open

0:48 Active Driving Assistance Evaluation Report from Consumer Reports

2:53 Ford’s BlueCruise ousts GM as top in ADAS

10:33 What is the value of being able to drive hands free and pedal free

16:40 Why doesn’t the technology prevent speeding and misbehavior

21:08 Are consumers using the safety features..

27:14 Pro active braking assist coming to more vehicles and is a great feature

36:00 Should there be a light or mechanism that shows others whether cars are being controlled by human or automated system?

43:43 Are there things that carmakers are really getting right or really getting wrong?

51:00 Corvette on top in CR report on vehicle owner satisfaction

52:43 Navya

53:00 Axios reports autonomous passenger planes inching closer to takeoff

54:00 a fight against sludge…from NY Times

54:51 Mobileye post advocating simpler language for autonomy levels

56:47 Waymo named Super Bowl officials autonomous technology partner”


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 302 / PodCast 302 Autonomous chaos in San Francisco?...

"F. Fishkin, Feb. 3,  ” Robotaxi chaos in San Francisco? Tesla boosting production in China. Level 3 launch from Mercedes. Layoffs at Rivian. More SpaceX success! Join us for episode 302 of Smart Driving Cars with Princeton's Alain Kornhauser & co-host Fred Fishkin.

0:00 open

0:55 Autonomous chaos in San Francisco?”

6:28 National Safety Council marks anniversary of national roadway safety strategy

9:41 Tesla boosts production at Giga Shanghai & more

11:25 More SpaceX success

14:05 Mercedes launch of level 3 systems in U.S.

19:12 U.K. Unveils First ”Fully” Autonomous Bus Service

23:11 Layoffs at Rivian

24:35 Data Centers on Wheels: Emissions From Computing Onboard Autonomous Vehicles

27:47 Ford boosts production of Mustang Mach E touting 0-60 thrills in press release

30:54 Justice Department urged to look at leaders of TuSimple and alleged transfer of tech to Chinese start-up “


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 301 / PodCast 301 w/Michael Sena, Editor of The Dispatcher

"F. Fishkin, Jan.27, ” Driverless work vehicles advance while driverless passenger cars seem stalled. The Dispatcher publisher Michael Sena joins Alain and Fred on episode 301 of Smart Driving Cars for that, plus Tesla rebounds, Ford's Blue Cruise impresses and more. “

0:00 open

1:00 Driverless Work Vehicles discussion

20:45 Stellantis Reaching for the Data Star

23:27 Winters can be cold, EVs like it hot

36:11 Tesla earnings, news and rebound

38:39 Layoffs hitting Waymo? And other tech companies too.

47:30 Ford’s Blue Cruise top rated by Consumer Reports in active driver assistance


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 300 / PodCast 300

F. Fishkin, Jan.24, “ Episode 300 of Smart Driving Cars! Alain returns from Africa, Mobileye eyes robotaxis in Israel and beyond, Tesla demand rises after price cuts, Mercedes talks level 3 and Toyota Boshoku shows future mobility for all. Tune in and subscribe!

0:00 open;

1:11 Alain on trip to Nairobi, Kenya and public transit there;

5:52 Mobileye looks to deploy robot taxis in Israel and Europe this year;

11:42 Forbes piece on map of places where autonomous vehicles are serving public;

13:30 Tesla price cuts spur demand;

17:45 Tesla staged video? Alain’s take;

20:52 Mercedes talks level 3 availability;

21:54 Interview with Richard Chung of Toyota Boshoku courtesy of Ken Pyle and Viodi.com;  

32:00 Alain on podcast number 300!”


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 299 / PodCast299

F. Fishkin, Jan.12, “”Episode 299 of Smart Driving Cars rolls in with Buffalo advancing plans for autonomous shuttles, Tesla becoming the number one luxury car brand in the U.S., concept self driving cars plus interviews from CES with Holon and Ottonomy. Join Alain Kornhauser and Fred Fishkin for the ride. Thanks to Ken Pyle and Dr. Elizabeth Monroe 

0:00 open

1:14 RFP for self driving shuttles in Buffalo

2:41 ZF unveils next gen shuttle

8:46 WSJ report on concept self driving cars

10:50 Tesla headlines top luxury brand in U.S. and more

17:56 CES Holon interview courtesy of Ken Pyle

31:30 Alain comments on Holon

32:30 Intro to CES Ottonomy interview

49:39 Alain comments on Ottonomy “


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 298 / PodCast298 w/ Ken Pyle CES 2023 & Start of 2nd Decade of SDC eLetter

F. Fishkin, Jan. 8, “CES 2023 brought out crowds and innovation once again. The Smart Driving Cars team, with Alain Kornhauser, Ken Pyle and Dr. Elizabeth Monroe, caught up with Halo.car, Stradvision, Zoox and more. With videos courtesy of Viodi, Alain joins Fred Fishkin for a look as the Smart Driving Cars newsletter begins its second decade.

0:00 open

1:04 Smart Driving Cars Newsletter enters second decade. Where we’ve been…where we are.

12:30 Mobileye at CES

14:29 Safety capabilities of vehicles aren’t being utilized

18:08 Caterpillar and John Deere impress

23:30 interview with Halo.car remote vehicle repositioning

41:30 discussion of Halo.car value

46:30 The Boring Company and a little history from Alain

55:30 Stradvision interview

1:04:00 Zoox Interview

1:15:00 Upcoming TRB conference”


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 297 / PodCast297 w/ Michael Sena, Creator of The Dispatch

F. Fishkin, Dec. 30, “AI, driver monitoring systems and safety are on top in Michael Sena's latest issue of The Dispatcher. He joins Alain and Fred for that and much more on Tesla, Elon Musk, Aurora, a look at the year that was and a look ahead. Smart Driving Cars episode 297.

0:00 open

1:00 ChatGPT and AI

6:00 Alain’s take on AI

20:00 Elon Musk, FSD and more

22:00 Aurora’s Urmson sees driverless shakeout but not his own

30:40 Bosch is not giving up on internal combustion engines

32:50 Senator Manchin wants to block EV tax credit cheating

40:17 China and the global car market

46:30 Consumer Reports delivers ADAS guidelines to automakers

48:00 At end of 2022 a look at the progress and a look ahead”


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 296 / PodCast296 w/ Jeff Brandes, term-limited Florida State Senator & visionary of all 10 annual Florida Automated Vehicle Summits

F. Fishkin, Dec. 17, “The driving force behind Florida's 10th annual Automated Vehicle Summit, former State Senator Jeff Brandes, joins Alain and Fred for a dive into the progress to date and what's to come. Plus Waymo, Uber Eats, TuSimple and more.

 0:00 open

1:00 Jeff Brandes background

5:50 Is technology being used to provide some societal good

7:51 Highlights from 10th annual Florida Automated Vehicle Summit

24:24 Brandes on what is next for him

34:34 NY Times: Once You See the Truth About Cars

37:13 Waymo doing airport transportation in Phoenix

39:11 Uber Eats will use sidewalk deliver robots in Miami

40:30 TuSimple reportedly will lay off many in coming week


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 295 / PodCast295 w/ Robert Hoevers, CE, Squad Mobility 

F. Fishkin, Dec. 11, “Squad Mobility is bringing its solar powered mini vehicle, the Solar City Car to CES next month. CEO Robert Hoevers joins Alain and Fred on episode 295 to show and tell. Plus the upcoming Florida AV Summit, Tesla, the Everyday Astronaut and more.

 0:00 open

1:00 Squad Mobility CEO Robert Hoevers

5:23 Deployment potential for Squad Mobility?

11:45 How adding autonomous capability can help

24:40 Florida AV Summit upcoming

29:30 The Everday Astronaut, Tim Dodd, is heading to space

32:10 LA Times on Tesla claiming FSD may be failure but not fraud

38:02 Radar coming to Teslas 38:58 Matt Lowne Steam Train Station animation

42:08 More on Henry Posner and trains assisting Ukrainians

42:43 TRB gets new executive director

SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 294 / PodCast294 w Michael Sena, Editor, The Dispatcher 

F. Fishkin, Dec. 2, " With The Dispatcher publisher, Michael Sena, joining Alain and Fred this is a meaty episode 294 of Smart Driving Cars. On the agenda: the driverless car landscape shifts, China's car strategy, is AI really AI, can Tesla make it big in trucking and what is happening to sidewalks? And there's more...in this deep December discussion.

0:00 open

1:00 The Shifting Driverless Car Landscape

15:00 Autonomous mobility companies have gotten the deployment wrong

22:14 Automakers pausing paid advertising on Twitter. Michael’s perfect pizza explanation.

31:54 China Inc. Global Automobile Monopoly?

47:17 Cities have forgotten what sidewalks are for

58:43 A most intelligent discussion of Artificial Intelligence.

Is there even such a thing?

72:00 Tesla releases FSD update and delivers first Tesla Semis to Pepsi. Can Tesla be a major player in trucking?


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 293 / PodCast293    

F. Fishkin, Nov.. 27, " The reported Argo lifeline from Amazon that never arrived, The Ambarella/Continental deal, a safety report from Cruise, and Tesla opens up FSD and moves to block cheating on attentiveness. Episode 293 of Smart Driving cars with Princeton's Alain Kornhauser & co-host Fred Fishkin.

0:00 open

0:42 what happened to Alain

1:43 Argo AI’s lifeline from Amazon that never came

5:00 Ambarella/Continental Deal

12:14 Cruise Safety Report

13:00 Tesla opens up FSD

18:44 Cybertruck pre-orders top 1.5 million

19:47 HOLON

23:08 NY Times on AI Recipes

24:17 Mercedes to charge subscriptions for performance boost

27:00 Nuro layoffs

29:33 BrightDrop


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 292 / PodCast292  w/Chuck Cook, FSD Betta Tester

F. Fishkin, Nov.. 18, " Chuck Cook, pilot and airline industry veteran, has been a prominent Tesla FSD Beta tester, well known inside and outside the company. Recently featured in the NY Times, Chuck joins Alain Kornhauser and Fred Fishkin on episode 292 of Smart Driving Cars for a look at where FSD is today.

0:00 open

1:00 Tesla FSD Beta tester Chuck Cook

29:05 Chuck Cook unprotected left turn FSD videos

39:00 Is Tesla using customers improperly to Beta test?

52:40 Motional and Lyft to launch fully driverless ride hailing in L.A.

53:37 Waymo shows new prototype vehicle without steering wheel

54:10 Cruise expands SF driverless service to daylight hours

56:34 Tesla’s data advantage.”


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 290 /PodCast 290  A New Deployment Framework for Autonomous Vehicles 

F. Fishkin, Nov.. 6, "On episode 290 of Smart Driving Cars, Princeton's Alain Kornhauser shares a presentation just delivered in Vancouver titled...A New Deployment Framework for Autonomous Vehicles. Plus.. he chats with co-host Fred Fishkin about Waymo, Lyft, Aurora, Tesla and more.”

0:00 open

01:00 A New Deployment Framework for Autonomous Vehicles presentation

01:04:20 Waymo making passenger trips to Phoenix airport

01:06:30 Layoffs at Lyft

01:09:30 Aurora reaffirms enough cash until commercial deployment

01:10:30 New FSD Beta from Tesla


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 289 /PodCast 289 Argo Shuts Down w/Michael Sena, Editor, The Dispatcher

F. Fishkin, Oct. 27,  "The demise of Argo.AI, the joint Ford-Volkswagen venture is a step forward for autonomous vehicles, not a step back.  So says Princeton's Alain Kornhauser on episode 289 of Smart Driving Cars. Alain and co-host Fred Fishkin are joined by The Dispatcher publisher Michael Sena for that plus #Tesla, Elon Musk and more."


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 288 /PodCast 288 So Disappointing!

F. Fishkin, Oct. 23,  "Waymo is bringing Robotaxi service to L.A..   But Princeton's faculty chair of autonomous vehicle engineering is concerned the focus may not be in the right places.   Alan Kornhauser and co-host Fred Fishkin zero in on Waymo, Lyft, Tesla and a test drive in the Ford F-150 Lightning on episode 288 of Smart Driving Cars. "


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 287 /PodCast 287 Special Edition: The ABCs of Autonomous Vehicles: Technology, Economics and Policy

F. Fishkin, Oct. 12,  "A special webinar edition of Smart Driving Cars:  From the Reason Foundation , The Brookings Institution and Princeton Autonomous Vehicle Engineering, welcome to the ABCs of Autonomous Vehicles: Technology, Economics and Policy.  Join Princeton's Alain Kornhauser, Cliff Winston of Brookings and Marc Scribner of Reason and moderator Fred Fishkin.


"SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 286 /PodCast 286 Tesla AI Day

F. Fishkin, Oct. 9, "The biggest take-away from Tesla's 2022 AI Day?  Princeton's Alain Kornhauser says it's the massive compute power.  Why?  Join Alain and co-host Fred Fishkin for episode 286 of Smart Driving Cars.  Plus Kodiak Robotics, Mobileye, Uber, Motional and an upcoming webinar on The Present and Future of Autonomous Vehicle Techn​ology. "


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 285 /PodCast 285 w/Michael Sena, Editor of the Dispatcher

F. Fishkin, Sept 27, "Will the world be facing a Mad Max scenario for battery components as electric vehicles fill the roadways? The Dispatcher publisher Michael Sena has some advice for decision makers on episode 285 of Smart Driving Cars with Princeton's Alain Kornhauser and co-host Fred Fishkin. And more on the EV tax credits, tire pollution, a tech solution to railroad crossing dangers and some hood ornament nostalgia. Or listen.. "

0:00     Intro
1:18     Battle over batteries
15:53   Electricity generation and electric vehicles
22:28   Tech to solve ungated railroad crossing dangers
26:11   Pollution from tires
32:23   Sean Connery’s Aston Martin
34:08   Some hood ornament history
40:00   South Korean wants half of all cars autonomous by 2035
43:22   Why don’t you have a self driving car yet? Brad Templeton writes in Forbes


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 284 /PodCast 284 w/Danny Shapiro, VP Automotive, nVIDIA

F. Fishkin, Sept 22, "What will NVIDIA's DRIVE Thor mean for companies looking to deliver autonomous mobility? VP of Automotive Danny Shapiro joins us for episode 284 of Smart Driving Cars. Plus the Biden administration is funding Smart Transportation Technology, GM Cruise aims to develop chips for self driving and the NTSB pushes tech to combat impaired and reckless driving."


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 283 /PodCast 283

F. Fishkin, Sept 11, "The strategy for survival at Aurora, new Detroit testing for Mobileye, NVIDIA's coming virtual developer conference and another AI upcoming for Tesla.  Princeton's Alain Kornhauser and co-host Fred Fishkin share the latest on those stories and more on episode 283 of Smart Driving Cars."
https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI Open
https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=80 Aurora

https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=762 Mobileye
https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=872 NVIDIA

https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=948 MIT Mobility Forum

https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=1031 GM BrightDrop
https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=1072 GM Cruise
https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=1446 Uber Nuro
https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=1589 Lucid Nikola
https://youtu.be/nBl1pD2BFcI?t=1648 Tesla AI Day


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 282 /PodCast 28w/ Michael Sena, Editor of The Dispatcher

F. Fishkin, Aug. 31, "Is there really a battle over building and maintaining roads?   "The Dispatcher" publisher Michael Sena on the history and outlook on episode 282 of Smart Driving Cars with Princeton's Alain Kornhauser and co-host Fred Fishkin.   Plus... the Saudi linear city plan, GM, #Tesla, Baidu, Waymo and more." 

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=106    Michael Sena ..battle over roads

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=2004   Michael Sena  Saudi linear city plans

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=2456  Aluminum makes cars…China makes aluminum

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=2759  Teslas banned from Chinese Communist Party retreat

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=2951   GM’s mandator OnStar option

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=3333   Gatik partners with Pitney Bowes

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=3416   Waymo reported seeks to withhold trip level data in SF

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=3538  GM president on autonomous vehicle strategy

https://youtu.be/F1qDhRqAA5c?t=3619   Baidu says autonomous EV rides in China have surpassed one million


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast281 /PodCast 281

F. Fishkin, Aug. 28, "A new step for Tesla FSD with Beta 10 69 release and the company's "Occupancy Network".  Princeton's faculty chair of autonomous vehicle engineering, Alain Kornhauser, weighs in on that plus oversized EVs,  Toyota's view of autonomous mobility,  Pittsburgh's Guaranteed Basic Mobility Program and some excitement surround SpaceX and NASA and more."

00:42 new Tesla FSD Beta 

15:37 Tesla AI Day coming 

19:07 Space X Launch 

21:06 NY Times Essay on oversized EVs 

24:18 California to ban gasoline cars by 2035 

25:43 Toyota Research Institute says AVs not imminent 

31:35 Tesla acts against Dawn Project and O'Dowd 

32:19 Pittsburgh  Guaranteed Basic Mobility 38:24 Waze shutting carpooling service 41:09 NASA readies Artemis


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 280 /PodCast 280 w/Cade Metz, NY Times

F. Fishkin, Aug . 22, "How can Tesla data help with the understanding of car crashes?   NY Times reporter & author Cade Metz joins Alain and Fred to explore the latest Tesla news, including the new higher price for FSD.  Plus NHTSA reports a continuing rise in traffic deaths, Lyft in Vegas,  Cruise and Waymo.  And Princeton and NBA great Brian Taylor joins us to remember legendary basketball coach Pete Carril."


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 279 / PodCast 279 w/Scott Painter, CEO Autonomy

F. Fishkin, Aug . 11, "After announcing it will spend 1.2 billion dollars on EVs and rapidly expand its vehicle subscription service, what does the future hold for Autonomy. Serial entrepreneur & CEO Scott Painter joins us for episode 279 of Smart Driving Cars.  Plus Tesla, Argo AI and more ..."

@t=47 Autonomy CEO Scott Painter 

@t=2485 Tesla, Ralph Nader 
@t=2635  Anti-Tesla ad campaign 
@t=2657 Pittsburgh Post Gazette 
@t=2892 Argo AI  
@t=2967 Congressional push for AV legislation 


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 278 / PodCast 278 Tesla 2022 shareholder's meeting

F. Fishkin, Aug . 7, "Elon Musk talked about his vision for Tesla robo-taxis and more during his Q&A following the 2022 shareholders' meeting.   Weighing in on that and more is Princeton's Alain Kornhauser on episode 278 of Smart Driving Cars with co-host Fred Fishkin.  Plus TuSimple, GM Cruise, Lucid, Argo and more."

@ t=55   Musk vision for autonomous taxis
@ t=728  When and where first robo-taxis will be deployed.
@ t=1177  What about the role of Musk’s Boring Company? 
@ t=1530   Musk responds to Autopilot suggestion
@ t=1941  Alain on automatic emergency braking
@ t=2230  California acts against Tesla for using terms Full Self Driving and AutoPilot
@ t=235TuSimple  blames human error for crash
@ t=2456 Barron’s reports When the Lawyers Come for Autonomous Vehicles
@ t=2552  GM President talks safety
@t=2722  Losses at Lucid

@ t=3071  Alex Roy talks elevators!


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 277PodCast 277 w/Michael Sena, Editor of The Dispatcher

F. Fishkin, July 30, "A look at cities & mobility, turmoil at VW, the cash problem at Cruise & more. "The Dispatcher" publisher Michael Sena joins Alain Kornhauser & Fred Fishkin for another spirited discussion on episode 277 of Smart Driving Cars."


SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast Episode 276PodCast 276 w/R. Mudge, President, Compass Transportation

F. Fishkin, July 25, "Following the TRB gathering in California, what was accomplished?  Compass Transportation & Technology President Dick Mudge joins us for a look.   Plus the latest on Tesla, Cruise, Baidu, Zoox & more.   Smart Driving Cars episode 276 with Alain Kornhauser & co-host Fred Fishkin."

Link to 275 previous SDC PodCasts & ZoomCasts

Recent Highlights of:

[log in to unmask]">


Wednesday, March 8, 2023

  GM Announces Ultra Cruise, Enabling True Hands-Free Driving Across 95 Percent of Driving Scenarios

Press release, March 6, “Today, General Motors unveiled Ultra Cruise, an all-new, advanced driver-assistance technology and significant next step in the company's journey to enable its goal of zero crashes, zero emissions and zero congestion. Designed to ultimately enable hands-free driving in 95 percent of all driving scenarios, Ultra Cruise eventually can be used on every paved road in the U.S. and Canada.

Ultra Cruise will cover more than 2 million miles of roads at launch in the United States and Canada, with the capacity to grow up to more than 3.4 million miles. Customers will be able to travel truly hands free with Ultra Cruise across nearly every road including city streets, subdivision streets and paved rural roads, in addition to highways.….


GM’s two hands-free advanced driver-assist systems will coexist in the company’s lineup with Super Cruise available on more mainstream vehicles and Ultra Cruise reserved for premium entries.

“The combination of Ultra Cruise for premium offerings and Super Cruise for lower-cost products will enable us to offer driver-assist technology across price points and segments,” said Parks....


Always pay attention while driving and when using Ultra Cruise and Super Cruise. Do not use a hand-held device. …. ” Read  more   Hmmmm….. Very interesting.  High-end and includes LiDAR  See ZoomCast 307 / PodCast 307 and Andrew Hawkins' "GM’s Ultra Cruise will use radar, camera, and lidar to enable hands-free driving", below.  Alain


Friday, March 03, 2023

  First Million Rider-Only Miles: How the Waymo Driver is Improving Road Safety

The Waymo team, Feb 28, “Waymo has achieved many global industry firsts. Each time we delight our riders and deliver on our mission safely, we are proudest. In January, we accomplished another first: we exceeded one million miles on public roads with no human behind the wheel. …


To provide a more in-depth look into the performance of the Waymo Driver and where it stands compared to human driving, we’ve published a research paper that summarizes the contact events that we experienced during the first one million miles of our rider-only operations….


T. Victor, et al. “Safety Performance of the Waymo Rider-Only Automated Driving System at One Million Miles

ABSTRACT: This paper examines the safety performance of the Waymo Driver™, Waymo’s Automated Driving System (ADS). It analyzes one million miles of driving on public roads in parts of California and Arizona with no human behind the wheel– what we call rider-only (RO) operations. There were no reported injuries, and only two collisions that were comparable to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Crash Investigation Sampling System (“CISS”), a nationally representative collision database of collisions that were police reported and in which at least one vehicle was towed. There were an additional 18 minor-contact events that were too minor to meet the tow-away and police-report criteria for CISS, where nine of these 20 contact events had no damage….


The first event that occurred had the highest severity of the 20 contact events: …  In this event, the Waymo vehicle was struck in the rear while slowing for a red light by a car driven by a teenage driver. Rearward facing video recorded by the ADS suggests the driver of the other vehicle was looking at a cell phone held near the steering wheel immediately prior to the collision…. ” Read  more   Hmmmm….. The entire  paper is worth a very careful read.  Performance during this first million miles is very impressive.  While in the scope of things it is not very many miles, the first of anything is never very many and often it is when bad things happen. Look at what happened to Uber in the beginning.


 Enormous kudos to Waymo (and Cruise). They have, in my opinion, demonstrated that they can move people safely in an ODD.  Hopefully, they’ll now look for an ODD where they can safely provide mobility most of the time (NOT necessarily every day, but are confident that they can do it, say, 350 days a year) and certainly NOT everywhere in the ODD (instead find the safest set of streets and intersections that allows them to deliver interconnected on-demand mobility requiring only a short walk (~less than 5 minutes) between most of the locations within that ODD/community).  They then can build an affordable, equitable high=quality mobility system for the residents of that/those ODD(s)


There are many such communities throughout the country, many of which are communities where auto ownership is low, transit service is, at best, poor and the mobility offered would substantially improve the quality of life of many.


Waymo’s (or Cruise’s) provision of safe, affordable, on-demand mobility would be an enormous public service as well as providing a basis from which to scale to meet thire due diligence obligation to deliver substantial return on investment to Alphabet (and GM).    Alain


Monday, February 27, 2023

  Seeking NHTSA review of the Origin

R. Grant, Feb. 2022 “Cruise has taken a big step toward our vision of a safer, more sustainable and accessible transportation future. Together with General Motors, we have filed a petition seeking approval from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to build and put the Cruise Origin into commercial service. 

The Cruise Origin is among the most innovative vehicles in history: a zero-emission, shared, electric vehicle that has been purposefully designed from the ground up to operate without a human driver. This means it does not rely on certain human-centered features, like a steering wheel or a sun visor, to operate safely.

At Cruise and GM, safety is our mission. This petition both demonstrates how the Origin achieves safety objectives of existing standards, and helps enable future AV regulations. NHTSA has made clear in public testimony and regulatory actions, that in order to consider the development of AV standards, they first need more information from real world AV operations. We believe this petition can help enable that outcome: learnings from the Origin, which is designed to improve overall road safety, can help inform the creation of new, updated regulations and standards….” Read  more   Hmmmm…..Flashback! This was some of the best news that I had seen in a while when it came out last year, and here we are one year later, and it is STILL at the top of the heap. It bears repeating: Someone who has been actually demonstrating the ability to safely move people on at least some city streets without a driver or attendant (there are only two in the US: Cruise & Waymo) is seriously proposing to manufacture what is actually a driverless transit vehicle that can provide high-quality, demand- responsive mobility to a small group of people when those opportunities arise as well as serve the needs of the individual when necessary . 

Think of the opportunity of the demand-responsive mobility that such vehicles can deliver to our communities, especially the mobility disadvantaged, for whom travel demand is non-stationary and so spatially and temporally distributed that it requires a vehicle to respond to the demand for mobility in real time. Such demand, while served exceedingly well by those of us who can afford and have a license to drive a car, has little hope of being adequately served by conventional vehicles that require the demand to respond to pre-set routes and schedules. The space-time combinatorial of the demand is orders of magnitude larger than the space-time combinatorial of the set of scheduled routes. 

Thanks for coming with me on this trip down Memory Lane. What are GM Cruise/Origin up to these days? Just keep reading. Alain

GM’s plan to deploy self-driving Cruise Origin on hold as feds weigh exemption request

J. LaRean,  Updated Feb 25, “General Motors' mission to get 5,000 self-driving Cruise Origin vehicles in cities nationwide hangs on whether federal regulators will grant the automaker's request to exempt the vehicle from federal safety standards.


GM plans to start building the Origin at Factory Zero in Detroit/Hamtramck this year but needs approval from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to put the vehicles on the roads. The Origin is a small bus-like vehicle that will transport up to six people without a driver. It operates through autonomous technology and has no manual steering controls or pedals. 

General Motors' mission to get 5,000 self-driving Cruise Origin vehicles in cities nationwide hangs on whether federal regulators will grant the automaker's request to exempt the vehicle from federal safety standards.


GM plans to start building the Origin at Factory Zero in Detroit/Hamtramck this year but needs approval from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to put the vehicles on the roads. The Origin is a small bus-like vehicle that will transport up to six people without a driver. It operates through autonomous technology and has no manual steering controls or pedals.   "The Cruise Origin is on track to start production this year," said Aimee Ridella, GM spokeswoman. But she is careful to note, "pending government approval."…” Read  more  Hmmmm…   OK, now to the present day: Wow! Given the advances that Cruise has made in demonstrating safe driverless operation in San Francisco, coupled with the enormity of the opportunity that Cruise’s driverless stack can make when placed in a vehicle that is welcoming to shared ridership, there are many reasons to be optimistic about their potential impact in the driverless, share-ride space. Origin coupled with the Cruise driver is an ideal vehicle for the provision of safe, equitable, affordable, sustainable, high-quality MOVES -style mobility, especially throughout transportation disadvantaged communities. 


Origin’s potential is so substantial that NHTSA in its public service role should be seeking to have GM build Origin rather than having GM petition NHTSA for permission. Yes, NHTSA is responsible for the safety of vehicles, but they also have a public calling to provide mobility; else, the travel safety extremum can be most readily attained by having everyone and everything stay home and not travel. That’s absolutely silly!  In this case, the mobility opportunity is so enormous that NHTSA should work expeditiously with GM to grant this application. As with Nuro, we have an enormous mobility opportunity that conventionally driven vehicles simply can’t deliver; else, they would have done it many years ago. NHTSA’s mobility responsibility should be demanding that it give Origin the waivers that it needs ASAP, so that society can begin to capture the unique mobility benefits that Origin has the opportunity to deliver. Each day of delay is a day that the improvement in the quality of life of some individuals, especially some that have been very unfairly disadvantaged by the automobile revolution, is delayed. It is about time that NHTSA does something to improve mobility for those who have been left behind by that revolution. Why the feet dragging here??? Alain



Friday, February 17, 2023

  Carmakers Are Pushing Autonomous Tech. This Engineer Wants Limits.

C. Metz, Feb. 15,  Last fall, Missy Cummings sent a document to her colleagues at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration that revealed a surprising trend: When people using advanced driver-assistance systems die or are injured in a car crash, they are more likely to have been speeding than people driving cars on their own.

The two-page analysis of nearly 400 crashes involving systems like Tesla’s Autopilot and General Motors’ Super Cruise is far from conclusive. But it raises fresh questions about the technologies that have been installed in hundreds of thousands of cars on U.S. roads. Dr. Cummings said the data indicated that drivers were becoming too confident in the systems’ abilities and that automakers and regulators should restrict when and how the technology was used.

People “are over-trusting the technology,” she said. “They are letting the cars speed. And they are getting into accidents that are seriously injuring them or killing them.”…”  Read  more  Hmmmm….  Yup!!  Discussion is in  SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 304 / PodCast 304 W/Missy Cummings


Friday, February 10, 2023

  Active Driving Assistance Evaluation Report

Staff, January 2023, “…PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT
In line with Consumer Reports’ mission to create a fair, safe, and consumer-driven marketplace, this report has been written for the industry to provide more explanation and guidance on the state of Active Driving Assistance systems based on our recent evaluations. CR’s evaluations focus on real-world driving experience, consumer survey data, and experts’ insights, keeping safety at the forefront.

Previous Testing and Reports We examine systems that assist with vehicle speed (Adaptive Cruise Control) and steering (Lane Centering Assist). Active Driving Assistance (ADA) is the combination of when Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and Lane Centering Assistance (LCA) are active simultaneously. CR first began evaluating Active Driving Assistance in 2018, testing four of these systems. The testing procedures and report influenced how other organizations, such as IIHS and Euro NCAP, would begin evaluating the same types of systems. Testing expanded to include 18 systems in 2020—one from each major automaker and one aftermarket device.

CR also works with other organizations to test ADAS systems, such as the MIT AVT (Advanced Vehicle Technology) consortium, where data has been collected in naturalistic studies from hundreds of thousands of miles of real-world driving. Collaborative relationships with global testing organizations regarding specifics in metrics and scoring ensure that CR’s testing program is robust and aligned in terms of capabilities as well as driver safety…”  Read  more  Hmmmm….  A really good report.  Discussion is in .  Discussion is in    SmartDrivingCars ZoomCast 303 / PodCast 303 W/Kelly Funkhouser, Consumer Reports


Friday, February 3, 2023

 SF Officials Describe Chaos From Cruise, Waymo Cars as They Try To Slow Their Rollout

K. Truong, Jan 30, “Firefighters were battling a major house fire near the intersection of Hayes and Divisadero streets early in the morning of Jan. 22 when a Cruise vehicle with no safety driver started to creep its way into the emergency scene. 

Two firefighters stood in front of the car to prevent the vehicle from driving over hoses used to douse the growing inferno, but that didn’t work. As the car continued to inch forward, one firefighter took quick action and smashed the vehicle’s front window, finally bringing the car to a stop. First responders contacted Cruise, who sent workers to move the vehicle out of the way. …


That was just one of 92 unique incidents between May 29 and Dec. 31—mainly from Cruise—cited by San Francisco transit officials, who are strongly urging for tighter oversight as “robotaxi” services look to massively expand their operations…


Alain Kornhauser, …  pinned the companies’ missteps on an effort to grab market share from Lyft and Uber rather than solving for transportation gaps.

“To me, the shame of these companies is that they have a solution, and they are still looking for a problem,” Kornhauser said. “The objective of this is not a selfie in a self-driving car; it’s to provide mobility to folks who don’t have it and ultimately improve their quality of life.”…  Read  more  Hmmmm….  Well said 😊 For a solution (driverless mobility) that could be doing so much good for so many who have so little mobility that even “transit officials” would be sending them high praise ,they instead seem to be singularly focused on providing yet  another alternative to  those that already have too many great mobility options.  Their hammer is simply focused on the wrong nail and this is especially debilitating when the first nail is the wrong nail.  The self-inflicted pain is so much greater when there is little, if anything, gained by hitting, let alone missing,  the wrong nail.  Alain


  Despite mounting opposition, the Bay Area’s robotaxis keep racking up the miles

A. Hawkins, Jan 31, “… .


Cruise reported 2,783 paid passenger rides in its fully driverless vehicles — quadrupling the number of rides from the previous quarter. The company’s ridehailing vehicles traversed a total of 26,838.61 miles during the quarter, which covered September to November 2022….


Cruise’s main rival in the robotaxi space, Waymo, didn’t want to comment on the latest CPUC data, but there was still a lot of parse through.

As previously mentioned, Waymo’s Bay Area operations are split between paid rides in vehicles with safety drivers (aka “drivered rides”) and unpaid trips in driverless vehicles. Waymo has a list of pre-approved members of the public called “Trusted Testers” who ride in these driverless (or “rider-only”) vehicles that sign non-disclosure agreements to test the company’s early technology. But the majority of its trips are in drivered vehicles….


Over three months, Waymo did 183 trips as part of its driverless pilot, ferried 441 passengers, and traversed 3,057 miles. Its drivered vehicles did 6,313 trips,…

Read  more  Hmmmm….  These systems have barely closed the passenger door and have yet to leave the gate.  They aren’t near the runway.  Takeoff is a distant vision.  Andrew is being way too kind.  Alain


Friday, January 27, 2023

  Driverless Work Vehicles: On This Side of the Horizon  

M. Sena Jan.  27, “ Land-based robots are already on wheels  WHEN WE THINK of driverless vehicles, our mind’s eye tends to drift toward the horizon where we see ourselves at some point in the future being chauffeured around by an artificially intelligent robot in the form of a passenger car. I think it’s time to direct our sights toward solutions which are much closer at hand: driverless work vehicles (DWVs). I believe this is where we should be focusing our money and attention. The first image that pops into my head when I think of DWVs is a Zamboni,1 gliding around the Boston Garden ice hockey rink without a driver, smoothing the ice surface in between periods while organ music and the aromas of hot dogs and beer filled the air. I’ve never seen a driverless Zamboni, but how difficult can it be to build one? I remember reading about super-large KOMATSU driverless dump trucks lumbering in and out of mines with no front or back to them. They’re alreadSmartDrivingCar.com/11.06-IntelligentCruiseControl-021023y operating.  …” Read more   Hmmmm... Another most well written and insightful newsletter focused on the work vehicle market… vehicles that contribute to the provision of goods or services  by moving around.    Listen/watch our Pod/ZoomCast 301  Alain


Tuesday, January 24, 2023

Riding Nairobi's Craziest Matatu, Kenya

J. Billam, Feb. 11 ’22, “I show my wild experience riding Nairobi's Craziest Matatu (local bus) bound for Rongai in Kenya's capital city… “  Watch more  Hmmmm... If we aren’t going to have Moves-style Autonomous Transit Networks, then Matatus may well be  the answer to safe, equitable, affordable, sustainable, and colorful mobility.  Millions take them every day in Nairobi, Kenya.  Amazing. J  Alain

All Nairobi Matatu Routes at your fingertips!

“ Have you ever found yoursel in town with no idea how to get to a certain destination using Public Transport and you end up calling friends or asking strangers where a certain Matatu stage is? You are not alone!! Thousands of Nairobians go through this daily!

So us cool peeps at MyRide Africa thought to bring this to an end so that  you never get lost in Nairobi again! We have the all new Matatu Map on the App that can help you to find any route in Nairobi in 3 easy steps…’’ Read more  Hmmmm... Just returned from a trip of a life time to Kenya.  Absolutely fantastic experience    Alain


Friday, January 13, 2023


 S. Still, Jan. 10, Project Overview: University at Buffalo is issuing this Request for Proposals (RFP) to solicit proposals from qualified firms to provide self-driving shuttle vehicles and operations in the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus and surrounding neighborhoods.     The project is funded by the US Department of Transportation as part of its ITS4US program. 

Proposal Date/Time:
February 1, 2023 2:30pm EST. Proposals received after the specified time will not be accepted. 

The Request for Proposals (RFP) documents are available now by registering through this link:  https://www.nyscr.ny.gov/adsOpen.cfm   Questions can be addressed to David Markey, Senior Buyer, at [log in to unmask]. ….”  Read more  Hmmmm... I love what Dr. Steve Still is trying to do in Buffalo.  All the best.  Alain 


Sunday, January 8, 2023

Hmmmm…. Happy New Year!   Welcome to the inaugural issue of the 2nd decade of the SmartDrivingCars eLetter. 

Much has remained the same: 

     There are still 3 distinctive markets for SmartDrivingCars:

    1. SafeDrivingCars:  Those in which the automated function are explicitly designed to not only substantially reduce driver misbehavior by constraining the performance characteristic such as incorporating  speed governors that only permit excessive speeds in geofenced locations such as Watkins Glen International and stretches of the German Autobahn, but also automatically intervene to prevent crashes; thus, extending what  is done today with anti-lock brakes and electronic stability control.


[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="3" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14">Since the root cause of the vast majority of crashes is driver misbehavior, SafeDrivingCar systems would most effectively achieve public safety aspirations.  Unfortunately, there has been essentially no advance in SafeDrivingCars since NHTSA/FMVSS No. 126 Electronic Stability Control (ESC) rule enacted on 09/09/2011.  By being silent on mandates, Washington has not made any substantive  progress on road safety in more than a decade.  We should all be demanding change!


There have been advances in warnings and turn-off-able systems that are largely ineffective at addressing chronic misbehavior such as alcohol abuse, tailgating, texting and road rage. Notable outliers that have proven to be effective are blind spot warnings and rear automated emergency braking (RAEB).  Luckily, both of these systems aren’t perceived by the buying public to be misaligned with the freedom associated with driving one’s own car.  These systems are being desired by the marketplace rather than needing to be mandated. Unfortunately, such market forces are not commensurate with speed governors, ignition locks, attention monitoring and  texting prevention systems. 


What may be even more dangerous  is the evolution of visual entertainment systems such as Continental’s “pillar2pillar” display.  How can a driver pay attention to the road ahead when there is so much to see between the pillars that has nothing to do with driving safely?  NHTSA/FMVSS should step in immediately and permit the enabling of these systems only if speed governors, ignition locks, attention monitoring and  texting monitoring systems are also engaged.  Just look at what has been happening since 2010 wrt highway safety.  At some point, some OEMs will really focus on safety and create cars that are as dedicated to safety as this mother.


    1. SelfDrivingCars:  Those which allow the driver for some extended period of time to be “feet-off” the brake & throttle, delivering to the driver substantial comfort & convenience, but also “hands-off” the wheel for shorter periods of time providing a little more [log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="3" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_13">comfort & convenience.  Absolutely required are  “eyes & brain” focused the human task of driving, ready to intervene should the automated driver begin to fail.


 As we’ve expected from the beginning, this form of automation has been embraced by car makers because it is highly desired by car buyers, especially when the “feet-off” and “hands-off” features are promoted without much mention of the “eyes&brain-on” requirement. These features, including intelligent cruise control and automated lane centering,  have essentially become standard equipment.  More advanced versions such as Tesla’s FSD command $15k price tags that are purchased in volume today and whose future inclusion in vehicles allows MobilEye to tout $3.5B in booked revenue,  Continental to feature a partnership with Amberellla and nVIDEA to make a major automotive announcement at CES 2023 to supply the continued OEM demand to provide such comfort & convenience capabilities to near and longer-term new car buyers. 


    1. DriverlessCars:  Those which serve only passengers and/or good from trip start, through finish.  Luckily, the notion that individuals might own such vehicles for personal use and/or be able to “AirB&B” them for others to get from A to B is now realized by essentially everyone as exceedingly naïve.  The Mercedes booth at this year’s CES showed no sign of its Mercedes Benz F 015 Luxury in Motion | LIVE PREMIERE CES 2015.  Yea! 

[log in to unmask]" align="left" hspace="3" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_12">Deployment of fleets of DriverlessCars to move people and/or goods from start to finish has had mixed results.  In private settings such as farms, mines, ports and warehouses the capabilities of today’s driverless technology is substantively delivering value to OEMs such as Caterpillar and John Deer. 


Deployment in public spaces for public uses is at best slow and steady.  One of the possible highlights, using remote drivers, is that of Halo.ai whose application is only for the empty repositioning of vehicles in the shared-use car space.  I was thoroughly impressed with their application of driverless technology to not move people or goods, but to simply assist in the management of cars to efficiently deliver a shared car to a customer location and to reposition that asset to the next customer.  The demands of the driverless system are substantially reduced because there is no one in the car when it is under remotely automated control and that repositioning can be done on the safest road segments and largely at the safest times.  Excellent!


I was also very impressed with the Holon vehicle for use in MOVES-style kiosk2kiosk Autonomous Transit Systems. The vehicle is appropriately accommodates shared rides and the disabled community  


With respect to moving people in MOVES-style kiosk2kiosk shared-ride Autonomous Transit Systems, I was very impressed @ CES 2023 with the appropriately sized  Holon vehicle that is definitely oriented to provide  kiosk2kiosk ride-sharing mobility and properly serve the physically disabled community .  The smaller GM/Cruise Origin may well be the leading US-made shared-ride-oriented MOVES-style driverless vehicle opportunity; however,  I could not find them at CES.  A very similar Zoox vehicle was displayed @ CES 2023 and also looks very  impressive as a MOVES-style shared-ride and wheel-chair friendly vehicle .  The purpose built Waymo vehicle seemed oriented to private ride-hailing and may not be US made.  Unfortunately, I wasn’t able to have a discussion with anyone @ the Waymo booth to gain any appreciation for Waymo’s deployment strategy. 


With respect to the movement of goods.  There were some interesting “last 50-500 feet” sidewalk solutions such as Ottonomy’s delivery robot.




Friday, December 30, 2022

Automotive AI Is Making Both Cars and Drivers Better

M. Sena, Dec. 28, “ AUTOMOTIVE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AAI) is a term that has different meanings, depending upon who is using it. For some, it means completely removing the human from the driving task and turning over control of the vehicle to software and sensors. For others, the goal of AAI is to supplement and improve the human driver's abilities in order to make driving safer, offer new and better services, and increase the effectiveness of transport management. The latter goal, improving the driving experience, has proven achievable with AI that accomplishes one or a limited set of objectives. The former goal, removing the human from the driving task, has proven to be devilishly difficult because the car needs to drive at least as well as a human.

AI that can approximate a human, that has the ability to understand and learn any intellectual task that a human can, is called Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). It is also called ‘Strong AI’, with its six major branches: machine learning, neural networks, robotics, expert systems, fuzzy logic and natural language processing. AI that has proven to be excellent at accomplishing one goal at a time, like playing chess, or interpretring spoken commands or answering questions like APPLE’s SIRI, is called ‘Weak AI’.   ….”  Read  more  Hmmmm….. If Elon can call FSD "FSD", then Michael can call AI "AI". (Please at least read The Turing Test). Both are names that enormously over-state their realities.  FSD is not anywhere near Full anything and AI is nowhere near Intelligent.  Both do a few cute things in very narrow circumstances and neither can find their way out of a paper bag.  Alain


Sunday, December 25, 2022

Autonomous Vehicles Reality Check Part 2: Moving People

R. Bishop, Dec. 22, “ Recent reporting/blogging about AV’s can be maddeningly confusing, because the days of saying anything meaningful about “AV’s” as a singular entity are long past. What’s going on depends on what kind of AV you’re talking about. Writers and pundits can pontificate about “the trouble in AV City” if they want, but they must first explain what AV sector they’re referring to. To make sweeping statements is meaningless; the dynamics of the technical, operational, and business factors are too diverse. Thus this three-part article series, my shot at describing the great breadth of today’s AV’s and providing color commentary.

A fundamental AV distinction regards what’s inside the vehicle: people or freight? This Part Two article focuses on moving people. Part Three will focus on moving goods.

Two Distinct Domains: Private or Commercial?  ….”  Read  more  Hmmmm….. Excellent, must read that among other things makes clear the distinction between what are largely orthogonal markets: Private (selling a vehicle) and Commercial (selling a ride)  .

What is missing, especially in the "selling a ride" coordinate is appreciation for the diversity of the "people" being moved.   The spectrums spanning poor -> rich; young ->old; able-> dis-able; conservative -> liberal; ....  that reflect not only on when & where each of those individuals choose to go but also on their choice as which commercial AV deployment, they'll choose to make the trip that today isn't made or switch from the way they are going today. 

As we know from the movement of goods, one size doesn't fit all; one deployment doesn't fit all.  Pick-ups do well for haulin' some of your own stuff, Class 8's for big valuable stuff.  Then there are flatbeds, tankers, cements, choo choos, boats, ... and so on for very specific stuff.  It ends up really mattering what good it is when it comes to figuring out what and how to deploy something to best move it. 

My point is the discussion about deployment along the private and especially the commercial domains has failed to recognize the diversity of the customer set and is failing to deploy near-term capabilities to be better serve the mobility needs of individuals that would be best served by that deployment. 

Moving people is a "big-dimensional" market characterized by foudomains: {P, A, B, t} where P = people; A = from location; B = to location; t = time.

Deployment must address not only the diversity of A, B and t but also that of P.  In order for an AV deployment to capture a customer it needs to be the best for that customer when that customer wishes to go from A to B at time t.  That's the deployment challenge .  The diversity of P is certainly as important as that of A, B and t.  To date the deployment focus has been one-size to fit all that has fit very few in the deployed Operational Design Domain.  Alain


Saturday, December 17, 2022

Once You See the Truth About Cars, You Can’t Unsee It

Guest Opinion: A. Ross & J. Livingston,Dec. 15, “ In American consumer lore, the automobile has always been a “freedom machine” and liberty lies on the open road. “Americans are a race of independent people” whose “ancestors came to this country for the sake of freedom and adventure,” the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce’s soon-to-be-president, Roy Chapin, declared in 1924. “The automobile satisfies these instincts.” During the Cold War, vehicles with baroque tail fins and oodles of surplus chrome rolled off the assembly line, with Native American names like Pontiac, Apache, Dakota, Cherokee, Thunderbird and Winnebago — the ultimate expressions of capitalist triumph and Manifest Destiny.

But for many low-income and minority Americans, automobiles have been turbo-boosted engines of inequality, immobilizing their owners with debt, increasing their exposure to hostile law enforcement, and in general accelerating the forces that drive apart haves and have-nots.  ….”  Read  more  Hmmmm….. The fundamentals of our MOVES approach to the deployment is focused directly on providing a high-quality affordable alternative to this community.  Moreover, the comment that the NYT posted with the article.   Alain


Sunday, December 11, 2022

I'm going to the moon!!!... Literally!

T. Dodd, Dec. 8, “t's true! I have been chosen as one of the members of the incredible dearMoon mission around the moon on SpaceX's Starship rocket. To learn more about the mission and to meet the rest of the crew, visit - http://dearmoon.earth & https://dearmoon.earth/share_crew/tim... And hear more about the announcement from Yusaku Maezawa!!! - https://youtu.be/DKNSlL3Inn8... “ Watch more  Hmmmm... So deserving!  Tim has done so much to make rigorous “rocket science” understandable by non-rocket scientists while maintaining the rigor.  For that substance he has been most justifiable awarded this special honor.  Life is good!  Tim, you most justifiably earned this incredible privilege.  Full disclosure… I’m a long time subscriber to Everyday Astronaut. Alain


Friday, December 2, 2022

December 2022 Issue

M. Sena, Nov. 28, ““In all of mankind’s history, there has never been more damage done than by people who ‘thought they were doing the right thing’.” So says Lucy after her friend Charlie Brown reveals that he has replaced her little brother Linus’s much nuzzled security blanket in the cartoon series Peanuts by Charles Schultz. This appeared in The Economist November 19th 2022 in an article that commemorated the 100th year of Charles Schultz’s birth. He died in 2000 after 50 years and 17,897 cartoons. That, my friends, is dedication. It pays to start early.

I’m not sure if Elon Musk actually thinks he is doing the right thing(s), or if he doesn’t really acknowledge the concept of right versus wrong. Some people honestly believe that whatever they do is right—at least for them. Leaving moral issues aside, such as how one as an employer treats fellow human beings who are employees, we can address the issue of whether he is creating or destroying value in companies in which people have given their time and efforts in exchange for a salary, or in which individuals or funds have invested their own or their customers’ money. So, once again the seemingly never-ending saga of the Musketeer continues on the pages of the. December issue of The Dispatcher

But it’s only one of the stories in the issue. Skip it if you don’t care about Musk and his companies. If you care about driverless cars, the first story should be of interest. If you want more info on what China is doing to the Western car industry, there is something in the issue for you. I hope you will all read Musings this month. Not everyone has built a car or written software, but everyone has walked on a sidewalk at some point in their lives. I take you on a sidewalk journey through time and ask you to think about whether you want to have sidewalks to walk on to get some place in the future, or whether you would prefer to have sidewalks that are paid attractions, like rides at an amusement park….”  Read more    Hmmmm...Continued excellence.  Comments are @  ZoomCast 294 / PodCast294 . Alain 


Sunday, November 27, 2022

 Argo AI Folded After a Lifeline From Amazon Never Arrived: Report

P.Holderith, Nov. 22, “The dream of smoking a cigar with the windows up in your self-driving turbine-powered jet car may be on hold. At least, that's what the demise of Argo AI, backed by monolithic automakers Ford and VW indicated. Before it all came crashing down though, Bloomberg reports Amazon nearly stepped in to keep the ball rolling.

The retail giant, which is rumored to be laying off thousands of employees, was allegedly interested in the technology for use in its Rivian-built delivery vans last year. However, a struggle to determine how Argo would be governed with three large investors as well as an alleged high cost of the autonomous driving company's tech soured the deal. Then Russia invaded Ukraine, which hasn't done anyone besides defense contractors any good.

Amazon was reportedly willing to invest hundreds of millions of dollars into the startup. Ford had already invested $1 billion in 2017, followed by an even bigger $2.6 billion pile of cash from Volkswagen. In fact, VW's now-deposed CEO Herbert Diess even met with Jeff Bezos personally to discuss details of a potential deal. This was followed by prototype Argo vehicles running Amazon delivery routes, albeit without dispensing any packages.

Argo additionally hired 150 people to work on what seemed like a surefire investment from Amazon, but it was for naught. A governing deal couldn't be struck, the global economy was in a further state of disrepair thanks to that Vlad guy over in Russia—what's his last name again?—and inflation got more serious….”  Read more  Hmmmm... Reminiscent of what Larry Burns recalled in his book  “Autonomy: The Quest to Build the Driverless Car―And How It Will Reshape Our World” about a failed “partnership” between Ford & Waymo that would have “reshaped our world”.  Waymo (L), VW (W), Amazon (L), VW(L)… now what?  Alain


Saturday, November 19, 2022

 What Riding in a Self-Driving Tesla Tells Us About the Future of Autonomy

C. Metz, Nov. 14,Cade and Ian spent six hours riding in a self-driving car in Jacksonville, Fla., to report this story.

When we decided it was time for lunch, Chuck Cook tapped the digital display on the dashboard of his Tesla Model Y and told the car to drive us to the Bearded Pig, a barbecue joint on the other side of town.

“I don’t know how it’s gonna do. But I think it’s gonna do pretty good,” he said with the folksy, infectious enthusiasm he brought to nearly every moment of our daylong tour of Jacksonville, Fla., in a car that could drive itself.  …

As the car approached the shadows beneath this mossy canopy, it suddenly changed course, turned sharply right and headed the wrong way down a one-way street:  he moment highlighted the difference between Tesla’s self-driving technology and “robotaxi” services being developed by companies like Waymo, owned by the same parent company as Google, and Cruise, backed by General Motors.  The robotaxi companies are trying to reduce these unexpected moments by tightly controlling where and how a car can drive.  But these services will have strict limitations that make the task easier. The cars will travel only in certain neighborhoods under certain weather conditions at relatively low speeds. And company technicians will provide remote assistance to cars that inevitably find themselves in situations they cannot navigate on their own…. "Read more  Hmmmm... This is exactly the basis for our MOVES-style approach to deployment.  In the near term, this technology has a reasonable chance of being good enough if its calibrations (the released version) has been biased to work well in …” in certain neighborhoods under certain weather conditions at relatively low speeds” ,.  It must also demonstrated that it does work well (zero disengagements) in a sufficient subset of the streets in those neighborhoods such that the driver/attendant is not needed to ensure safe operation.   Substantially better mobility can then be delivered between many locations throughout those neighborhoods in most weather conditions than the mobility available today throughout those neighborhoods.   

Unless Driverless is substantially better in delivering mobility to some in some places they will never be more that a fad or fashion statement.  Unfortunately, that’s how Driverless has been positioned to date.  “My car drives itself! A ride becomes a goofy selfie on TikTok/Instagram/Twitter… Look Mom, no hands!!!   Good luck in any repeat customers or near-term RoI.  

As we’ve been saying over and over, the substantial value proposition of driverless (or real FSD) is NOT safety (it can be “as safe” but, again, way too difficult for it to be substantially safer) and, in the near term, not a fashion statement or toy for the rich (way too expensive to create that).  It certainly can’t be substantially better than one’s own personal car, although it can come close to being as good and maybe even arguably better to some. 

The attributes that can make Driverless substantially better than all other forms of mobility is its capability to affordability deliver high-quality (auto-like demand-responsive non-circuitous, 24/7 availability in most weather conditions) mobility affordably while being safe, equitable and environmentally responsive (by facilitating casual ride-sharing when warranted as is done naturally when using elevators).  Such a mobility service is offered by Kiosk2Kiosk elevator-like operation throughout the safest subset of interconnecting streets.  We call these MOVES-style Driverless Transit Networks.

Affordability is THE key differentiator.  If you are rich enough to afford a car for yourself and have a driver’s license, then this system isn’t substantially better than what you have now.  Neither is it if you can afford to pay and tip an Uber/Lyft gig worker or if your expense account pays for your taxi/limo or black car driver or if you have a chauffeur. Nor if you live in Manhattan or in the very center of a few of our largest cities.   For everyone else (the too young, the too old, the too poor, the sufficiently poor that can’t afford a car for each driver in the family, then MOVES-style Driverless Transit Networks can readily be transformative.  Trenton NJ turns out to be one of these communities where 70% of households have access to one or fewer cars.  Perth Amboy, NJ,. Cherry Hill, MD, Patterson, NJ, Scranton, PA are similar.   My Mobility Disadvantage Index for places in New Jersey can be found here and for the rest of the US, here.

I am confident that Waymo, Cruise and Tesla could today, make their systems work safely in Trenton and many of the other Mobility Disadvantaged communities if they simply added to their training set the data from driving between the kiosks in, say Trenton, and generated a ***.Trenton release of their ***Driver to be used exclusively in Trenton to deliver substantially improved mobility to many.    Alain


Monday, November 14, 2022

Gusciora leads big in Trenton; many council seats up in the air

J. Fox, Nov 9, "Trenton Mayor Reed Gusciora has a huge lead in his bid for a second term, putting him in a dominant position against two of his longtime foes, Council President Kathy McBride and Councilwoman Robin Vaughn, in the city’s nonpartisan election.

According to numbers from the Mercer County Clerk’s office, Gusciora currently has more than 70% of the vote...."
Read more  Hmmmm...   Yea!!  Now Trenton MOVES can become a reality. Alain


Sunday, November 6, 2022

A Deployment Framework for  MOVES-style Driverless Transit Networks

A. Kornhauser, Nov. 1, "So much has been happening lately on the AV scene. With all these recent changes in mind, it seems a good moment for me to reiterate the basic fundamentals of mobility and then to restate the context with which I see the potential value of AV technology. In the following presentation, I will identify some pertinent societal challenges where mobility might have an opportunity to substantially improve quality-of-life. Fundamental to this concept is the deployment of technology that disrupts consumer choice, thus allowing the marketplace to deliver both the economic return on the investment in the technology and to unleash the societal benefits of the improved quality-of-life."   Read more Hmmmm..View slides, listen to PodCast and/or watch a repeat of the presentation that I made at the 2022 UBC International Road Safety Symposium. Alain

Sunday, October 30, 2022 

Ford, VW-backed Argo AI is shutting down

K. Korosec, Oct 26, "Argo AI, an autonomous vehicle startup that burst on the scene in 2017 stacked with a $1 billion investment, is shutting down — its parts being absorbed into its two main backers: Ford and VW, according to people familiar with the matter.

During an all-hands meeting Wednesday, Argo AI employees were told that some people would receive offers from the two automakers, according to multiple sources who asked to not be named. It was unclear how many would be hired into Ford or VW and which companies will get Argo’s technology.

Employees were told they would receive a severance package that includes insurance and two separate bonuses — an annual award plus a transaction bonus upon the deal close with Ford and VW. All Argo employees will receive these. For those who are not retained by Ford or VW, they will additionally receive termination and severance pay, including health insurance. Several people told TechCrunch that it was a generous package and that the founders of the company spoke directly to its more than 2,000 employees..."  
... Certainly a "class act" way to shut down.

"...said Farley. “It’s mission-critical for Ford to develop great and differentiated L2+ and L3 applications that at the same time make transportation even safer.”  Farley also insinuated that Ford would be able to buy AV tech down the line, instead of developing it in house. “We’re optimistic about a future for L4 ADAS, but profitable, fully autonomous vehicles at scale are a long way off and we won’t necessarily have to create that technology ourselves,” ... Read more Hmmmm... What???  What is "L4 ADAS"??? You are really going to do L3 which many believe is harder than L4.  L3 is going to require that Ford accept the safety liability and the "obey all the legal operation" liability for the life of the vehicle whenever the driver is able to engage that functionality.  There is NO WAY Ford or really any OEM is ever going to take on that substantive amount of liability unless there is such an abundance of fine print that it makes Elon's proclamations about FSD seem like junior varsity. 

We all understand that "L2+" is today's "50s-style chrome & fins" propelling the selling cars in showrooms as OEMs have always done.  Absolutely no need to get to driverless (L4 in some societly or commercially viable ODD).  

Idf someone does develop (as I quoted last week) Schumpeter’s Disruptive Technology Threshold …: "... [I]n capitalist reality…, it is not [price] competition which counts but the competition from the new commodity, the new technology…- competition which commands a decisive cost or quality advantage and which strikes not at the margins of the profits and the outputs of the existing firms but at their foundations and their very lives.” Joseph A Shumpeter  (1883-1950)”, it is going to simply make it available to allow Ford to continue to serve its customers or will use it to crush Ford?   Alain

 Argo AI shuts down as Ford, VW pull backing from autonomous-vehicle startup that raised more than $3 billion

L. Sumagaysay, Oct. 27, "...", Read more Hmmmm...  Another view.  Alain

Ford thinks driver assist is a safer bet than driverless cars, but it’s fooling itself

  1. Hawkins, Oct. 27, "When Ford announced yesterday that it was pulling its support for Argo AI, the autonomous driving startup it had financed since 2017, it cited as one of its reasons a belief that driver-assist technology will have more near-term payoffs....." Read more Hmmmm... I agree with Andrew, as I stated above.  Alain


Sunday, October 23, 2022

Waymo says it’s bringing robotaxis to L.A.

Russ Mitchell, Oct 19, 2022 “The company, owned by Google parent Alphabet, said Wednesday that it plans to make L.A. its next market. “L.A. is in the top three ride-hailing markets in the United States and globally,” said Saswat Panigrahi, the company’s chief product officer. “The commercial opportunity is huge.”

But Waymo offered scant information about its plans, including when the commercial service will begin and how extensive the service’s coverage will be….”    Read more Hmmmm...  or what the service will be?   Ride-hailing???  Compete with Uber/Lyft… good luck! After leading the "testing phase" for the last 13 years, this is their plan for the "deployment phase".  So disappointing!  Doesn’t come close to meeting Schumpeter’s Disruptive Technology Threshold …: "... [I]n capitalist reality…, it is not [price] competition which counts but the competition from the new commodity, the new technology…- competition which commands a decisive cost or quality advantage and which strikes not at the margins of the profits and the outputs of the existing firms but at their foundations and their very lives.” Joseph A Shumpeter  (1883-1950)”.  Alain


Friday, October 14, 2022

The Long Run to Autonomous Vehicles

K. Pyle, Oct. 13, "Autonomous vehicles (AV) provide the opportunity to correct government transportation failures is how the Brookings Institution’s Clifford Winston characterized the potential opportunity provided by autonomous vehicles. Winston spoke to the possible economic impact of autonomous vehicles in an online media briefing (YouTube video) that also included speakers from Princeton and the Reason Foundation who touched on the technology and the role of public policy and regulation. A lively question and answer period followed the briefing...."  Read more Hmmmm...  Ken, thank you.  Excellent.  Alain


Saturday, October 08, 2022

Tesla AI Day 2022

Tesla Staff, Sept. 30, "Streamed live..."  Read more Hmmmm... I'm not much of a fan of humanoids so you may skip the first hour; however, starting @ 0:58:00 - FSD Intro, the next hour and a half is substantive and a must watch.  My takeaway remains driverless "everywhere" is so enormously challenging that the near-term opportunity (next 10 years) to sell such a vehicle to a consumer is simply unthinkable. The terms & conditions would need to be so onerous making the total addressable market essentially null. 

That said, I suspect that there exist some, possibly many, societally beneficial Operational Design Domains (ODD), where "FSD 69.2.2" or near term releases can deliver safe driverless mobility.  This deployment strategy is what I with the technical support of CARTS, Inc. have decided to focus on.  Alain


Thursday, September 29, 2022

Batteries: Theme of the Next Mad Max Dystoposeries

Sept 28, M. Sena, "IN THE PAST, when a country believed it was not receiving enough of a resource that it felt it needed and deserved, it went to war to take it. Gold, silver, tea, spices, cotton, cod, coal, grain, oil and many other commodities have been the causes of nations attempting to steal land and seas from other nations. There are countless numbers of movies that show us the horrors of war, but the postapocalyptical MAD MAX film series gives us a glimpse of what it could look like after all the big wars have been fought and lost. Warlords and their gangs prey on survivors of the wars that caused societies everywhere to collapse. They battle each other over gasoline, water and food. Are we trading wars over oil for wars over lithium, cobalt, nickel and rare earth metals, jumping from one frying pan into another? As governments continue with their policies to dramatically increase demand for these commodities, the chances for expanded conflicts increase. In many areas, they have already begun.  ..." Read more  Hmmmm... Another excellent issue.  Enjoy!  Also watch or listen:ZoomCast 285 /PodCast 285  Alain


Saturday, September 10, 2022

 Self-Driving Tech Company Floats Possible Sale to Apple or Microsoft

D. Welch, Aug. 30, "Aurora Innovation Inc.’s chief executive officer recently laid out a range of options for the self-driving company to respond to worsening market conditions and partners pushing out timelines, including a possible sale to Apple Inc. or Microsoft Corp., according to a document seen by Bloomberg.

Chris Urmson, who co-founded Aurora after running Google’s self-driving car project, also outlined cost cuts and floated measures including taking the company private, spinning off or selling assets and pursuing a small capital raise in a memo labeled “board discussion pre-read” and dated Aug. 3. Urmson inadvertently sent this to staff and asked them on Aug. 9 not to open it, the document shows.  ..." 
Read more Hmmmm... Realistic but not good news.  With revenue at zero all of these companies are struggling.  The annual addressable market of new class 8 trucks in the US is about 275,000 units.  Given the large number of competitors addressing a limited market that has yet to yield any revenue for any of them  suggests that this is a really tough business, especially if first revenue remains a year or more in the future.  

What may be even more daunting is competition from a TeslaSemi with "FSD.Class8", not to mention the Waymo Via initiative.  They both can cross subsidize their driverless Class 8 initiatives with their driverless people movement investment.

I still contend that there is a substantial near-term revenue opportunity Advanced Professional Driver Assistance focused on improving Professional Driver workplace.  OSHA should be mandating such technology.  Aurora could be generating revenue from it today. CEOs of trucking companies could be paying for it today and pocketing extremely attractive RoIs.  Professional Drivers would be happier campers.  So much so that the driver shortage might disappear. Alain 


Thursday September 1, 2022

Funding Roads: Pay for the Effect or Pay for the Cause

M. Sena, Aug. 30, "The September 2022 Issue in Brief

Funding Roads: There was a time when the main problem with roads in the U.S. and Europe was that there were not enough of them to keep drivers from getting stuck in traffic. Then, environmentalism, NIMBYism, anti-feceralism and anybody-with-a-beefism put the breaks on all infrastructure. They shifted the debate to how to pay, rather than what do we need to stay competitive with the countries where the rulers decide what gets built where and how. Is there a way forward for democracies to have a functioning infrastructure, or must we look on with envy at countries where totalitarian governments build infrastructure like it’s the 1950s in the West?

Dispatch Central:  A new city in the desert is an old idea - The de facto head of the Saudia Arabia government has designed a city with one stroke of the pencil. One very long stroke.

Aluminum: Another brick in the Wall of China – Governments required higher fuel efficiency. OEMs lowered car weights to comply. China cornered the market on the material that was needed to make it happen: aluminum. Sound familiar?

Some countries actually do something about Tesla – China (again) seems to be the only country that can tell Tesla to “Heel?”, and Tesla heels. We don’t wonder why this is so.

GM looking for money in all the wrong places – Making something like OnStar a ‘standard option’ is like telling parishoners they need to put money in the collection basket in order to get into mass.  ..." Read more Hmmmm... Another fantastic issue.  See ZoomCast 282/PodCast 282 for a discussion of the content.  Alain


Sunday, August 28, 2022

 Tesla Releases FSD Beta 10 69 With New Occupancy Network

Tesla Daily, Aug. 22, " Looking at first impressions from Tesla’s release of FSD Beta 10.69..." Read more  Hmmmm...  Be sure to watch Ashok Elluswamy's "Occupancy Networks" keynote presentation  at CVPR on June 20, 2022.  Very impressive, especially the use of training videos and it realization in FSD 10.69

Also pertinent are video demonstrations of:

  1. Tesla FSD Beta V 10.69 Dominates Downtown Driving
  2. FSD Beta 10.69 (2022.16.3.10) Release Notes
  3. FSDBeta v10.69 - HEAVY TRAFFIC - Unprotected Left Turns... Amazing that such turns are legal let alone FSD's routing algorithm deicing that this is on the best way to go.  Safety must not be part of its objective function C'mon Elon
  4. FSD Beta V 10.69 Initial Impressions.  My impression is that 10.69 drove better than this tester who seemed intent on driving aggressively and not wanting to yield to pedestrians in crosswalks.  Hopefully no one at Tesla pays attention to this guy.
  5. Bullish News From Giga Berlin Tours, Production Rumors, Terrible Toyota
  6. The Tesla Semi Is Officially Here!

My takeaway from the above is that FSD 10.69 is impressive but not near "Full" anything, especially if put in the hands of some individual who themselves may well be a menace on the road. 

While not being near "Full" anything, FSD may be nearing the point in which it is FSD within some useful Operational Design Domain. 

It is one thing to be able to safely negotiate a trips segment:  safely drive straight down a well marked lane in clear weather, safely make an unprotected left, safely stop behind a stop line at a stop sign, ...  Each is an important achievement.

It is a whole other challenge to be able to safely go from some origin to some destination thus delivering useful mobility to some person or some thing safely without any disengagements.  The ensemble of these origin-destination pairs would define the ODD for FSD.  To date that ODD has been essentially null.  The challenge for subsequent releases of FSD may well be to begin to explicitly identify FSD's ODD sand assess the extent to which these ODDs have emerged from the null state to begin to safely provide some useful mobility to the general public.  Alain

Asking FSD to be "Full" everything, everywhere to everyone is simply a naive unachievable objective.  To me a better question may well be in which Operational Design Domain is FSD indeed Full Self-Driving?

Once that ODD is determined, restrict FSD to operate ONLY in that ODD. 

Tesla must accept the responsibility allowing FSD to be engaged ONLY when the car is operating in Operational Design Domain where Tesla has certified that FSD drives safely.  Else, FSD safely pull over, stop disengage and turn the responsibility of continuing on to the human driver.  It should be Tesla's responsibility to allow FSD to be turned on and the determination of when and where it ceases to move because Tesla must be held responsible and liable if it something bad happens when it is driving.  If I'm driving I'm responsible and liable.  Not my passenger who may or may not be paying attention to what is going on.  If FSD is driving it must accept that responsibility and not expect the passenger to help out.  The word "Self" implies "Full"; else the product should be called Partnership-driving or Team-driving or ???   Alain


Monday, August 22, 2022

 Can Tesla Data Help Us Understand Car Crashes?

C. Metz, Aug. 18, "Shortly before 2 p.m. on a clear July day in 2020, as Tracy Forth was driving near Tampa, Fla., her white Tesla Model S was hit from behind by another car in the left lane of Interstate 275.

It was the kind of accident that occurs thousands of times a day on American highways. When the vehicles collided, Ms. Forth’s car slid into the median as the other one, a blue Acura sport utility vehicle, spun across the highway and onto the far shoulder.

After the collision, Ms. Forth told police officers that Autopilot — a Tesla driver-assistance system that can steer, brake and accelerate cars — had suddenly activated her brakes for no apparent reason. She was unable to regain control, according to the police report, before the Acura crashed into the back of her car.

But her description is not the only record of the accident. Tesla logged nearly every particular, down to the angle of the steering wheel in the milliseconds before impact. Captured by cameras and other sensors installed on the car, this data provides a startlingly detailed account of what occurred, including video from the front and the rear of Ms. Forth’s car.

It shows that 10 seconds before the accident, Autopilot was in control as the Tesla traveled down the highway at 77 miles per hour. Then she prompted Autopilot to change lanes..." Read more 
Hmmmm...  We've been calling for an independent analysis of the Tesla data for some time.  Privacy is easy to protect.  There is no need to know who owns or was operating each Tesla.  Also see ZoomCast 280 Alain 


Saturday, August 6, 2022

 Tesla's 2022 Shareholder Meeting with Elon Musk

E. Musk, Aug. 4, .” Read more Hmmmm... Watch the Q & A portion starting about an hour in from the start.  Watch especially the comments about his vision of the Tesla RoboTaxi (aka driverless cars, what I prefer to call autonomousTaxis or aTaxis, the new "Modern Transit").  The key visions are: 

@ t=6375 ... the issue of how he sees these driverless vehicles being operated (deployed). 

While I don't agree with the option of owning your own and renting it out "AirB&B -style where B&B = Mobility".  It is easier and more likely to begin by having a Professional entity managing a fleet of Tesla RoboTaxis that provide mobility to the everyone in the community.  This will be the the "Modern Public Transit".  An example being Trenton MOVES using a fleet of Tesla RoboTaxis. 

For these RoboTaxis to be attractive to a fleet operator, they will need to be styled differently than consumer versions that are sold to individuals.  The RoboTaxi will need to be easy to get in and out and interface well with wheelchairs.   They'll need to accommodate ride-sharing (personTrips are the source of the revenue, not vehicle sales).  They should have 4-wheel steering so they will never need to back up in stub-end operation.  He has re imagined the pickup truck.  Certainly, he can re-imagine a car focused on providing safe, equitable, affordable, sustainable high-quality mobility throughout a community. 

At the end of addressing the future of Robotasis he states ..." assuming we do all these things, I think, probably, Tesla will be the most valuable company in the world."

@ t=7057 Elon is asked "when will Tesla launch the first pilot city for the RoboTaxi business? 

Elon dodged the question by stating that he is focused on doing driverless everywhere, even in every imaginable simulation of the real world.  Consequently, once achieved, it could be released everywhere al at once. 

While a great vision, this is simply not realistic.  He started selling Teslas in California, not throughout the whole country.  He fully understands that one must crawl before one walks, before one runs. 

As you might suspect, I have the ideal "California" for him to first deploy his RoboTaxis and its not California or Arizona.  It is New Jersey: Trenton, NJ or Perth Amboy, NJ or Patterson, NJ or many other cities in New Jersey where the mobility offered by Tesla RoboTaxis would be life changing to many while becoming an interesting alternative to everyone else.  DoJo can more readily regress the coefficients to deliver safe driverless operation within any one of these Operational Design Domains (ODD) rather than trying to do them all simultaneously.  Coefficients can/should be tied to ODDs rather than having one "magical" set that works in all ODDs.  It is trivial for the Operating system to load the coefficients that work best in theRoboTaxi's current ODD.  This should allow RoboTaxis to demonstrate their technical, economic and societal virtues much sooner in these communities.  Market success will fuel expansion and replication in the delivery of safe, equitable, affordable, sustainable, high-quality mobility so that is spreads beyond New Jersey to California and beyond just like the purchase of the first Teslas spread from California to New Jersey and beyond.

@ t=7417 Elon is asked about the Boring Company. 

True, if one could bore tunnels inexpensively, it would be great for longer distance travel.  Certainly, all of the freeways in and around cities would be placed underground.  High Speed rail on the NorthEast Corridor can only go underground for long stretches.  Bringing the Dinky to a Nassau Street terminus must be done underground.  By the way Washington Road should be underground eradicating the cancer that it is as a surface street severing the Princeton Campus.  Then there is Rt. 29 that devastated Trenton by barricading the western part of Trenton from the Delaware River and Rt. 129 that severed neighborhoods; a scenario that was repeated in essentially every city to accommodate through-moving surface travel.  They should all go underground.  There is much good that could be done.  The challenge is the above if.

@ t=6665  "when disengaging autoPilot with the wheel, the accelerator stays on. Please fix it!"  

Maybe... touching or not touching the steering wheel has little in common with acceleration (and braking) which is (are) controlled by the feet.  The steering control should be readily overcome by input of a torque on the steering wheel; however, the steering control should revert to dominance if the driver ceases to exhort a torque on the wheel.  Moreover, torquing the steering wheel should not disengage the brake or the throttle.  

With respect to the driver actions on the brake and throttle:

Driver input from the throttle should have precedence over "intelligent cruise control (ICC)" input to the throttle and brake and should NOT turn off the system simply because the driver touched the accelerator pedal. 

For the brake, it is a little different.  Tapping the brake should turn off the acceleration function of the ICC.  Acceleration should remain off until the driver explicitly re-engages it.  Moreover, driver input to the brake, if less than what the ICC calls for, should always be dominated by the ICC's desire to brake.  Tapping of the brakes should not turn off the braking function of the ICC.  That intelligent brakig function should continue to keep m fro getting to close to the vehicle in front of me.  The acceleration function has been turned off so I won't accelerate into the back of the car ahead of me and the braking function should continue to do its best to keep a proper separation between me and the vehicle ahead.  Turning the whole system off placing me completely in control should require an explicit action by me that indicates I'm knowingly usurping responsibility. 

I believe ICC should be on all the time.  Driver sets the speed and separation (or it is done automatically relative to the speed limit, weather conditions and road curvatures).  Driver can choose to override the throttle and override the braking at any time; however, in the absence of overrides, the ICC is in charge.   Alain


Saturday July 30, 2022

 GM's Cruise robotaxi unit drives deeper into the red

Reuters, July 26, "General Motors Co (GM.N) has lost nearly $5 billion since 2018 trying to build a robotaxi business in San Francisco, and now as the automaker's Cruise unit starts charging for rides, the losses are accelerating.

GM said on Tuesday it lost $500 million on Cruise during the second quarter - more than $5 million a day - as it began charging for rides in a limited area of San Francisco.  
... that may be the case for the last quarter, but the chart below from GM's 6/30/222 10-Q  Shows ($800M) for the last 6 months or $4.38/day when divided by 182.625   Whew!

“Cruise's costly effort to transform autonomous driving technology from a long-term research project to a profit-spinning business comes as investors are backing away from riskier bets on technology, and reassessing how soon robot vehicles of any kind will be deployed in large scale on public roads.

Shares of autonomous vehicle technology company Aurora Innovation Inc (AUR.O), for example, are down 80% for the year to date. Shares of robo-trucking company TuSimple Holdings Inc (TSP.O) have lost more than 70% of their value. Some automakers, including Ford Motor Co (F.N), have scaled back investments in automated vehicle units, or taken on partners to share the costs....

Cruise's losses for the first six months of the year deepened to $900 million from $600 million during the same period in 2021 - when Cruise was not charging for rides. Higher compensation costs to keep staff on board after putting aside plans for an IPO were one factor in the results, GM executives said.

Chief Executive Mary Barra said on Tuesday she is still bullish on Cruise, and reaffirmed a forecast that the unit could generate $50 billion a year in revenue from automated vehicle services and technology by 2030.  .”
 Read more Hmmmm... Nice optimism.  The source of the reality check above comes from GM's 6/30/222 10-Q.  Start reading from page 41.  then on page 43:

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Whoa!  The only nice thing that can be imagined is by assuming that they've had essentially zero revenue, the operating costs have "only" been $800M for the last 6 months.  That is non-small. 

I'd like to suggest that the strategy of trying to create a profitable driverless mobility service for folks that already have 2 or more cars in their garage, have excellent public transit service or travel on expense accounts when wanting to go to between the airport and "downtown" may not be the wisest way to launch such a mobility service.  There is little opportunity to be substantially better or even equivalent to what those potential customers already have.  Little opportunity to get loyal and repeat customers.  The focus to date has been too heavily weighted on getting the technology to work for folks who already have more mobility options than they know what to do with.  Great for click-bait;  challenging for the 10-Q.  What must Waymo's 10-Q Cash Flow chart look like? 

Capturing loyal and repeat customers is really tough when the competition is excellent and entrenched.  While pricing can be high, volume is almost non-existent even with nominal pricing.  Except for the novelty, the marketplace in the Chandlers and SFs is essentially non-existent.  To date those markets have been quiet, at best.  What must Waymo's 10-Q Cash Flow chart look like? 

It astonishes me that to date none of the leading driverless companies have spent any money trying to serve the needs of folks that don't own cars, aren't traveling using someone else's money, nor have access to a good public transit system focused on their mobility needs. 

These folks definitely can't pay as much for a ride as those that are being chased by Cruise & Waymo, but there are more of them.  Moreover, its almost trivial to provide them with a mobility option that is substantially better than what they have today for many, if not most, of their daily personTrips. 

This is the market that we've found in New Jersey; in Trenton & Mercer County, Perth Amboy & Middlesex County and Patterson & Passaic County.  We haven't even begun looking in Newark, Camden, Atlantic City and the rest of New Jersey.

The excuse seems to have been that it would be too expensive to deal with NJ's bad weather, even though, we've made it clear that New jersey is not interested in a 365.25 days/yr.  mobility solution.  We'd be more than pleased with a 350 days/yr. operation.  New Jersey has more than 350 good days a year.  We aren't so entitled that we can't wait for the hurricane to blow through, the snow to be shoveled or the fog to lift before we go about our normal business.  We enjoy the "snow day" at home.  We are convinced that is actually easier and cheaper to capture recurring and loyal NJ customers.

The rule-of-thumb for a Trenton-MOVES style operation is: a vehicle needs to serve at least 100 personTrips/day.  With slightly better ride-sharing and time-of-day pricing, one might be able to get to 150 personTrips/day.  To cover a fleet of 100 vehicles, ridership needs to be about 10k to 15k personTrips/day.  This kind of utilization leads to per personTrip capitalization costs of less that $1/personTrip for vehicles costing upwards of $150k @ interest rates upward of 7.5%.  That is to say, $1/personTrip readily covers the vehicle capital costs even at moderate scales. 

Given that trips on-average are less than five miles, vehicle operating costs are less than $1/personTrip. 

Management costs are largely fixed. With volume the per personTrip burden decrease enormously, and can't be more than $0.50/personTrip. 

Break-even fare is thus roughly  $2.50/personTrip. 

An average market fare of $3.50/personTrip delivers a profit of >$1.00/personTrip, >$100/vehicle-day.

A fleet of 100 vehicles delivers a profit >$10k/day, >$3.0M/yr. in the Trenton ODD serving 10k personTrips/day.

From where do these 10k personTrips/day materialize?

Essentially all the riders of NJ Transit rail would love a simple reliable convenient way to get to & from the train.  By on-demand service within the community around the train station, loyalty upwards of 80% could be achieved for anyone wanting to go to NYC or within walking distance to any other NJ train station.  For Trenton that represents a marketplace of 8,000 personTrips/day that currently drive to & from the station every day and those that currently don't use the train that would if it was easy and reliable to them to get to AND from the station, when they wanted to get to and from there. Half of the 10k would easily come from serving the Trenton Train Station.

Trenton Central HS has 1,800 students.  More than 1,500 live more than a 10 minute walk to the TCHS.  Truancy is proportional to how far a student has to walk to school.  Trenton MOVES could readily serve 1,250 of these students every day.  That's 1/4 of the needed 10k.

We only need another 2.5k personTrips and we haven't even begun dealing with getting people to & from work in Trenton, doctors, shopping visiting friends, etc. needed by the 70% of Trenton households who have access to one or zero cars.  100 vehicles serving 10k personTrips/day making >3.0M/year @ an average fare of $3.50/personTrip is just the start of a profitable business.  Employing 200 vehicles costing at most $100k at interest rates of less than 7.5% serving 150 personTrips/day at fares of $3.00/personTrip makes way more than $5M per year. 

Expanding Trenton MOVES throughout Mercer County giving the opportunity to increase average fare (because of the longer personTrips) to maybe $5/personTrip keeping utilization @ 150 personTrips/vehicle-day of a fleet of 1,000 vehicles and doing a little better on interest rates and cap costs can lead to profits of >$10M/year for Trenton/Mercer MOVES.  There are at least 10 replications of Trenton/Mercer MOVES that could be done in NJ by 2030 utilizing a fleet of at least 10,000 vehicles leading to a profit of >$100M/year. 

This kind of success leads to having many more people leave their cars at home and frequenting NJ-MOVES as their mobility system.  This could lead to a NJ-Moves fleet of >100,000 vehicles is generating a profit of >$1B. 

If Mary expects this to be achieved by 2030 and replicated in the 50 other states (on average) as the Universe she expects to exist in 2030, I'm hopeful but skeptical.  My point is, that starting with Trenton MOVES as the big bang that achieved her vision seems to me to be a lot clearer that where Cruise/Waymo have chosen to try to create a Big Bang.  Seems as if she and Kyle should be taking Trenton and New Jersey much more seriously. Please call me! Alain


Monday July 25, 2022

Baidu unveils autonomous vehicle without steering wheel

Reuters, July 16, "China's search engine giant Baidu Inc on Thursday unveiled its new autonomous vehicle (AV) with a detachable steering wheel, with plans to put it to use for its robotaxi service in China next year.

Cost per unit will drop to 250,000 yuan ($37,031.55) for the new model, compared with 480,000 yuan for the previous generation, Baidu said in a statement.

“This massive cost reduction will enable us to deploy tens of thousands of AVs across China," Baidu's chief executive Robin Li said at the Baidu World conference. "We are moving towards a future where taking a robotaxi will be half the cost of taking a taxi today.”
 Read more Hmmmm... Really?? See video.  Where do I buy 10 for immediate delivery to New Jersey with option to buy 100 more by EoY'22 and 1st inline to buy 1,000 more by EoY'23.  eMail me!!!

While the design is certainly not ideal for "Trenton MOVES" or "Perth Amboy MOVES"  they would be good enough to get started with addressing the "Sociology Challenges" of MOVES-style deployments.  And the price is right if this isn't total click-bait.  But... that is a really big if . ��  Alain


Saturday July 16, 2022


Press release, July 12,"May Mobility, a leader in the development and deployment of autonomous vehicle (AV) technology, today closed a $111 million Series C round of funding. Additionally, the company plans to continue to pursue its deployment programs using the Toyota Sienna Autono-MaaS vehicle platform while beginning development on another vehicle design centered around mobility, Toyota’s e-Palette, signaling the next potential milestone as it seeks new ways to bring equitable mobility solutions to the masses...."    Read more Hmmmm...  Hopefully this will enable May Mobility to take seriously Trenton MOVES and other MOVES-style deployment initiatives in New Jersey and beyond.  Alain

Saturday June 11, 2022


  Princeton Fifth Annual SmartDrivingCars Summit

June 24, M. Sena "THE DISPATCHER, July 2022
Princeton Fifth Annual SmartDrivingCars Summit ...........
Safe, Equitable, Affordable, Sustainable, High-quality
Mobility for Everyone .......................................................2
Dispatch Central................................................................9
Someone lit a fire under NHTSA .......................................9
The Economist: Right analysis, wrong solution ..............12
Musings of a Dispatcher: Eyes on the Back Story...........15
The evolution of digital maps and ADAS ........................15
Digital Maps for the Vehicle – 1970-2022 ......................24  ...

Read more Hmmmm... Another great edition and very well written summary of the 5th Summit.  Alain


Saturday June 18, 2022

 NHTSA Releases Initial Data on Safety Performance of Advanced Vehicle Technologies

June 15, Press release, "Today, as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s efforts to increase roadway safety and encourage innovation, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration published the initial round of data it has collected through its Standing General Order issued last year and initial accompanying reports summarizing this data.

The SAE Level 2 advanced driver assistance systems summary report is available here, while the SAE Levels 3-5 automated driving systems summary report is available here. Going forward, NHTSA will release data updates monthly..."   
Read more Hmmmm... This is a good start; however, as NHTSA repeats many times, this is just a start and there are many "data limitations". The most severe may well be the possibility of substantial "sampling bias", the most severe of which is that each OEM sourced the reported data very differently.  That makes the data between OEMs incomparable.

Also un reported is any measure that would enable a "crash rate" for an OEM to be determined.  One only has a numerator value but no denominator value.

Finally, 392 crashes of "Level 2" cars were reported during the "10" month period of July 2021 and May 15, 2022.  About 12 million vehicles are involved in traffic crashes every year among the 283 million vehicles that operate in the US.  Assuming any one vehicle is unlikely to be involved in more than one crash per yer, it means that each vehicle, on average is involved in 12M/283M =  0.0424 crashes per year.  Thus, if these ADAS cars were involved in crashes at the average rate, and had their ADAS on all the time, the 500 vehicle crashes per year contained in these data would expect to be generated from a fleet of only about 11,800 vehicles (or 0.0042% of the vehicles ("everything being equal", ADAS on all the time.). 

Consequently, either, ...

  1. These system outrageously reduce crash probabilities, and/or
    1. maybe some, but we're probably not much luckier.
  2. very few of the cars in use during that "10" month period had Level 2 capabilities, and/or
    1. unfortunately, the VIN number doesn't identify these cars and only Tesla announces how many sold (I may have missed the reportings)
  1. very few of the drivers of those cars rarely engaged the Level 2 features, and/or
    1. likely.  Only Tesla releases data on the utilization of its level 2 features but does so only in aggregate terms that don't allow for correction of sampling bias associated with engagement in "easy" driving conditions versus "challenging" driving conditions.
  1. enormous under counting
      1. likely, only Tesla has the opportunity to either "know all" or sample effectively because of their OtA monitoring of its vehicles.  Everyone else has conveniently kept their heads in the sand. Mercedes didn't report any; however, during that period I think my Intelligent Cruise Control and Lane Centering were engaged when I hit a deer.  Mercedes must not have been watching me, I didn't report it and I didn't get the memo that informed me to do anything. 

Anyway.  It is a start and at least to me the numbers are not startling.

What needs improvement is sourcing of the incidents.  Maybe OtA should be mandated.  At minimum, the VIN should specify the existence of theses capabilities.  Then normal police reportings can begin to "automatically" access the "black box event recorders" (see also Accident data recorder and NHTSA) that are in most cars today.  Unfortunately, privacy concerns makes this not-easy.  So here we are.  It wont be easy to do much better, but we should continue to try. 

What the data do point out is that a substantial number of the crashes involved the rear ending of a stationary object.  I have pointed out repeatedly that the source code of these systems explicitly disregard stationary objects in the lane ahead. Justifying this explicit process is that current sensors  incur unacceptable false positives when trying to determine if sufficient headroom exists under detected stationary object in the lane ahead.  Thus, to avoid braking in response to these rare false positives, stationary objects in the lane ahead are all assumed to be "pass under-able". 

As one drives, one encounters many stationary objects in the lane ahead.  These are readily sensed and precisely located ahead.  Readily sensed are overpasses, signs, tree canopies, traffic lights, ...  all of which can usually be readily passed under.  (As can vehicles ahead that come to rest in vehicle-follower mode.  These are not disregarded because one is in vehicle-follower mode.)

But when one is in vehicle-leader mode and one encounters a stationary object ahead, I believe, most, if not all "Level 2" systems disregard that object and assume the car can pass underneath.  So if you are in vehicle leader mode and come over the crest of a hill to be confronted with a stopped object ahead, your system will disregard that object.  Similarly, if the vehicle that you are following changes lanes forcing you to become a leader, any stationary object ahead will be disregarded.    Alain


Saturday June 11, 2022

3 minute Promo: https://youtu.be/q5Ov_dPuRV4

The 5th Summit: https://www.cartsmobility.com/summit

Summit Preview Tour

  Dr. Steve Still's Tribute to Heywood Patterson

S. Still, June 3, "... Heywood Patterson, 67, He often drove members of his church to Tops, helping them load their groceries into his car and then taking them home. "That's what eh did all the time," Deborah Patterson said. "That's what the loved to do".  ..." Watch Video Hmmmm... A principal reason for "Trenton MOVES"-like deployments is to do what Heywood Patterson "loved to do" for the many.  Alain


Saturday May 28, 2022

The Evolving Business of Powering Our Vehicles

M. Sena, May 24, "New Car Assessment Programs (NCAPs) all around the world have created a separate and unequal set of standards for vehicle safety operating in parallel with the Type Approval processes in most countries and the U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and their equivalents in other countries. One standard is enough. In this month’s the lead article, I look at why this has happened, why it is not a good idea, and what should be done to correct the situation. 

There is no Musings in this month’s issue. Instead, I have put my musings energies to work in Dispatch Central. You can see the topics below. The section ends with a notable quote from the CEO of Stellantis on the topic of battery electric vehicles.

Enjoy your June issue of The Dispatcher. All comments are welcome, whether you want to take exception to something I have written or you just want to let me know that you got something out of reading it. ..." 
Read more Hmmmm...  Every month, great reading.  Enjoy!  Alain


Sunday May 15, 2022

  From pricing carbon to fighting opioid abuse, ORFE showcased top senior projects

A. Nathans, May 11, "When Serena Ren presented her senior thesis on using machine learning for art appraisals last month, she hoped to see her friend, Joyce Luo, present her thesis on fighting opioid addiction. But since all students in the Department of Operations Research and Financial Engineering present their theses in parallel sessions, this was impossible.

But on May 4, Ren and Luo finally got to see each other’s presentations in a classroom in Sherrerd Hall, thanks to the department’s first-ever event in which selected students present their thesis work to the whole department.... "  Read more  
Hmmmm...  I'm so proud!  Hopefully we'll be able to release the video so you can enjoy. Keep trying the link:

  Princeton ORFE Class of 2022 Senior Thesis Symposium "Best 8"

1.      Isabelle Grosgogeat "Impact of women and minority ownership on private equity"

2.      Joyce Luo "Equitable data-driven resource allocation to fight the opioid pandemic"

3.      Caroline Noonan "The impact of carbon price on power plant dispatch, production costs, and total emissions"

4.      Hari Ramakrishnan "Lighting up dark pools"

5.      Serena Ren "Automatic art appraisals"

6.      Mitchell Stroebell "A comparison of advanced player statistics for the NBA"

7.      Jack Woll "Pairs trading and volatility"

8.      Andre Yin "Equity trading strategies based on macroeconomic event analysis"


Saturday May 7, 2022


PAVE, May 4, "Autonomous vehicle technologies offer incredible potential: they could make our highways safer, they could offer new mobility options for people who can’t drive, and they could help create a more equitable transportation system for those who are not well-served by our current system.

During the month of May, we are highlighting places where AVs are in use — today — being deployed, tested, and used for public good. We want to look at examples of the technology being used to serve food deserts, to expand access to rural communities, to offer new accessibility options, and more.

We are starting with the Trenton MOVES initiative, which is the first large-scale urban transit system in America based entirely on self-driving shuttles. The shuttles, which carry four to eight passengers, serve traditionally underserved Trenton neighborhoods, where 70% of households have limited access to a single automobile, or no access at all. Our panelists will detail the program, describing how it works, the results it has achieved, and their vision for the future......"  Read more  
Hmmmm...   Very nice.  Be sure to watch video  and see ZoomCast 267 Alain


Friday, April 30, 2022

  NJDOT Commissioner Gutierrez-Scaccetti and the Trenton NJ MOVES Program

P. Keller, April 29, "New Jersey recently announced a $5 million grant for the Trenton Mobility & Opportunity: Vehicles Equity System or MOVES Project. The grant to the City of Trenton will support the planned start up and eventual deployment of 100 Autonomous Vehicles that will provide an on-demand automated transit system to serve the 90,000 residents of Trenton....."  Read more  Hmmmm...   Very nice.   Alain


Saturday, April 23, 2022

 Knight Foundation 

April 21, "CARTS Executive Director Jerry He explains to the audience at #CoMotionMiami that: 

Hmmmm...   Yup!  See ZoomCast265 Alain


Thursday, April 15, 2022

  Musk promises 'dedicated robotaxi' with futuristic look from Tesla

H. Jin, April 6, "Electric carmaker Tesla (TSLA.O) will make a "dedicated" self-driving taxi that will "look futuristic," Chief Executive Elon Musk said on Thursday, without giving a timeframe.

The 50-year-old billionaire, wearing a black cowboy hat and sunglasses, made the comments at the opening of Tesla's $1.1 billion factory in Texas, which is home to its new headquarters.

"Massive scale. Full self-driving. There's going to be a dedicated robotaxi," Musk told a large crowd at the factory...." 
Read more 

Hmmmm... Wow! It was brilliant for Elon to begin focusing his EVs on rich Californians who already have a stable full of cars to go all the way to grandma's house and back and were really looking for a neat toy.

Elon followed the graceful rollout of his Supercharger infrastructure which enabled the upper-middle class that doesn't have a backup fleet and needs to have a toy and reliably go back and forth to grandma's house.  Viola!!! No longer just a toy.  Seamless evolution to "Massive Scale" scale and Massive Profitability. 

RoboTaxis' evolution to "Massive Scale" is turning out to be different.  Starting with rich WesternStaters doesn't seem to be working sociologically for Waymo.  The rides offered seem to be taken for entertainment and side-show purposes rather than valued enablers of enhanced quality of life.  Nice for selfies, but not much more.

Recall fundamental value is to provide a safe, high-quality ride from A to B.  "Safe" is "safe",  but "high-quality" is relative to what one now has readily available.  For the rich, that's where they've already put a lot of money to create for themselves something really nice.  The chances someone is going to offer something better to an individual that has crafted something perfect for themselves is slim-to-none.  Consequently, the service is used primarily for taking selfies. 

For those that don't have their own car for whatever reason  (can't drive, don't want to, too young, too old, and/or too poor) their mobility options are simply dreadful.  Absolutely trivial for an aTaxi service to be viewed as the quality winner and used to provide customer accessibility, improved quality of life, endearment, respect, love, appreciation, loyalty, and use. 

Consequently, if Elon is really serious about achieving "Massive Scale" then he should basically flip his Tesla strategy and start by focusing on serving the mobility needs of those that will fully appreciate and gain the most personal value from his market offering;

  1. those that don't already have a stable full of their own personal mobility options.  
  2. those for which his aTaxi can substantially change their lives for the better. 

These are the customers of Trenton MOVES; only about 50,000 of Trenton's 90,000 population; but 50,000 that will really appreciate you.  Start by only serving Trenton's 8 square mile area with about 100 vehicles and only during the best 350 days out of the year's 365.25.  

They'll be so appreciative and you will have provided the spark that will allow your aTaxis to go viral!  You'll quickly serve Mercer county, Newark, Camden, Atlantic City, New Brunswick, Toms River, Perth Amboy, all of New Jersey, Eastern Pennsylvania, New York City (except Manhattan), Long Island, ..... 

That's the natural road to "Massive Scale" for Mobility for all.   Start with those in most need and evolve to convert those that will leave their own cars parked in their driveway.  

"Massive Scale" starts with Trenton MOVES Alain


Thursday, March 31, 2022

  Taking our next step in the City by the Bay

The Waymo Team, March 30, "This morning in San Francisco, a fully autonomous all-electric Jaguar I-PACE, with no human driver behind the wheel, picked up a Waymo engineer to get their morning coffee and go to work. Since sharing that we were ready to take the next step and begin testing fully autonomous operations in the city, we’ve begun fully autonomous rides with our San Francisco employees. They now join the thousands of Waymo One riders we’ve been serving in Arizona, making fully autonomous driving technology part of their daily lives...."  Read more  Hmmmm... Congratulations!  Enormous accomplishment and fundamental expression of confidence in your technology.  Please come to New Jersey where we are certain that you can actually delvier "Safe, Equitable, Affordable, Sustainable, HIgh-quality Mobility" that will substantially improve the quality-of-life of many by transforming affordable housing into affordable living and more.

Let's look at the back-of-the-envelope numbers...
Population: 90,000.

PersonTrips/Day (non-walking): 300,000

    IntraTrenton: 150,000

PersonTripLength (90%tile): 10 miles

    intraTrenton (100%tile) 5 miles

Operational Productivity:

    VehicleTrips/Day: 50

    Average Vehicle Occupancy (AVO): 2

    PersontTrips/VehicleDay: 100

    PersonTrips/VehicleYear: 35,000

    100 vehicle fleet productivity: 10,000 PersonTrips/day (1/15th market penetration)

    50% market penetration Fleet requirements:  500 vehicles (AVO =2.5) for 60 PersonTrips/VehicleDay). 


    Depreciation/PersonTrip @ $200k/vehicle, 4 year life = $200,000/(4*35,000) = $10/7 = $1.43/PersonTrip

    Electricity + maintenance + management + ... = $0.57/PersonTrip

    Cost = $2.00/PersonTrip


New Jersey:   
Population: 9+ Million

PersonTrips/Day (non-walking): >30 Million

    IntraNJ + NJT/Septa to/from NYC & PHL: 30 Million

PersonTripLength (90%tile): 10 miles

Operational Productivity

    VehicleTrips/Day: 60

    Average Vehicle Occupancy (AVO): 2.5

    PersontTrips/VehicleDay: 150

    PersonTrips/VehicleYear: 50,000

    10% market penetration (3 Million PersonTrips/Day: Fleet requirements:  20,000 vehicles (AVO =2.5) for 60 PersonTrips/VehicleDay). 


    Depreciation/PersonTrip @ $200k/vehicle, 4 year life = 200,000/(4*35,000)= $10/7 = $1.43

    Electricity + maintenance + management ... = $0.57

    Cost per PersonTrip = $2.00

Revenue:  (10% market penetration: 3M personTrips/Day)

    10% @ cost + 90% market pricing: 

        10% @ $2.00/PersonTrip (300,000*$2.00 = $600,000/day; $200M/year

        90% @ $3.70/personTrip (2.7M*3.70 = $10M/day; 3.5B/year (value poposition could hae the average market price even higher than $3.70/personTrip (+$1.70 over cost)

Profit:  $1.70 *2.7M = $4.6M/day = $1.5B/year

Seems to me that Waymo should have responded to the NJ DoT RfEI and shouldn't be completely ignoring me.  I guess I'm missing something.  Maybe someone else will call me? ��  Alain

 Moving Forward with Trenton MOVES

K. Pyle, Feb. 9, "Dr. Alain Kornhauser’s vision of bringing equitable, sustainable, and affordable mobility to the people of Trenton took another step forward with the February 9th, 2022 announcement (Facebook) of a $5 million NJDOT Local Transportation Planning Fund Grant for the Trenton Mobility & Opportunity: Vehicles Equity System (MOVES) Project (PDF). The significance of this event goes beyond the grant announcement..."  Read more  Hmmmm... Ken, thank you for the kind words.  Alain

Smart Driving Cars Extra: Trenton MOVES gets moving 

Feb. 11, "The New Jersey DOT is providing 5 million dollars to get Trenton MOVES moving.  The goal..autonomous, affordable, safe mobility for all.   This is a video of the event held on February 9th."  Read more  Hmmmm... Fantastic even with challenging audio.  Turn on Closed Caption. The substance is in the quality of the words from the Mayor, Commissioner and Superintendent.  All from the heart. Very worth absorbing.  Alain. 


Friday, February 4, 2022

  Trenton MOVES

W. Skaggs, Feb. 3,"We are excited to invite you to join Mayor Gusciora, N.J. Department of Transportation (NJDOT) Commissioner Diane Gutierrez-Scaccetti, and Trenton Public Schools Superintendent James Earle to celebrate a $5 million award from the NJDOT Local Transportation Projects Fund for an unprecedented public transportation project right here in the Capital City. The project is called the Trenton Mobility & Opportunity: Vehicular Equity System (MOVES) initiative.

Originally announced by Governor Murphy and Commissioner Gutierrez-Scaccetti in December, TrentonMOVES seeks to provide a safe, equitable, and affordable high-quality on-demand mobility service to Trenton residents. The effort is a collaboration between the Governor’s Office, NJDOT, the City of Trenton, and Princeton University.

The $5 million award is a huge milestone for the project. This will be the first large-scale urban transit system in America to be based entirely on self-driving shuttles. Each vehicle will carry four to eight passengers at a time. The AVs will be low-cost to users in underserved neighborhoods. The high school will be one of the central destinations on the first routes.

The event will take place at 11:00 a.mon Wednesday, Feb. 9, 2022 in the Trenton Central High School auditorium. Members of the press will be invited to attend. ...." Read more  Hmmmm... Another real milestone.  

The Trenton MOVES RfEI closed February 25, with 20 submittals.  Next comes the 5thPrinceton  SmartDrivingCar Summit June 2 -> 4, 2022 in Princeton & Trenton, NJ.  The Summit will be  focused on enabling Trentonians to get a first glimpse at technology and mobility systems that can deliver Trenton MOVES' mobility objectives (Safety, Equity, Affordability, Sustainability,..) and, very importantly, enabling technology and mobility companies to learn the market opportunities available to be captured in Trenton, the rest of Mercer County, and throughout New Jersey. 

Trenton MOVES is a win-win opportunity for the citizens of New Jersey (The Public) and the shareholders of mobility provider(s) (The Private), who can come together in a Trenton MOVES Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) that will be created through a Request for Proposal (RfP) process commencing shortly after the close of the Summit.   Alain

Alain L. Kornhauser, PhD
Professor, Operations Research & Financial Engineering
Director, Transportation Program
Faculty Chair, Princeton Autonomous Vehicle Engineering

229 Sherrerd Hall
Princeton University
Princeton, NJ
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